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Annals of Forest Science

, Volume 66, Issue 1, pp 109–109 | Cite as

Evaluation of decay resistance of wood products made from borax-impregnated wood and bonded with a formaldehyde-free cornstarch and tannin adhesive

  • Amine MoubarikEmail author
  • Bertrand Charrier
  • Fatima Charrier
  • Antonio Pizzi
  • Ahmed Allal
Original Article

Abstract

  • • At present, the production of wood composites mainly relies on the petrochemical-based and formaldehyde-based adhesives such as phenol-formaldehyde (PF) resins and urea-formaldehyde (UF) resins, which are non-renewable and therefore ultimately limited in supply.

  • • This paper concerns the decay resistance of wood products bonded with a new, environment-friendly adhesive derived from abundant and renewable cornstarch and tannin. To improve the total resistance of the composite against both Coriolus versicolor and Coniophora puteana rot fungi, borax (di-sodium tetraborate) was added in proportions of 0.5%, 1% and 2% (w/w) to the cornstarch-tannin adhesives.

  • • The results show that increasing the concentration of borax in the adhesive decreased the mechanical properties of the composite. The best way to avoid this problem was to use wood impregnated with borax.

  • • Biodegradation studies were conducted on new composites, first without any treatment, followed by borax at 0.5% aqueous solution treatment. The results show that wood impregnated with borax, in the presence of tannin and sodium hydroxide in the adhesive improves the total resistance of the wood composite against both Coriolus versicolor and Coniophora puteana rot fungi.

Keywords

borax cornstarch decay resistance tannin wood adhesive 

Évaluation de la durabilité des produits en bois imprégnés avec du borax et collés avec un adhésif naturel à base d’amidon de maïs et de tannin

Résumé

  • • Actuellement, la production des composites à base de bois nécessite l’utilisation d’adhésifs d’origine pétrochimique et à base de formaldéhyde, tels que le phénol-formaldéhyde (PF) et l’uréeformaldéhyde (UF), qui sont non renouvelables et limités dans l’approvisionnement.

  • • Ce travail a pour objectif d’étudier la durabilité du bois collé avec une nouvelle colle naturelle à base d’amidon et tannin. Pour améliorer la résistance des composites vis-à-vis des deux types principaux de dégradation fongique, Coriolus versicolor et Coniophora puteana, nous avons ajouté à l’adhésif, différentes concentrations de borax (di-sodium tetraborate) 0,5 %, 1 % et 2 % (m/m).

  • • Les résultats obtenus montrent que l’augmentation de la concentration du borax dans l’adhésif diminue les performances mécaniques des composites. La meilleure façon d’éviter ce problème est de traiter le bois avec du borax, avant collage.

  • • L’étude de la biodégradation a été réalisée sur les nouveaux composites, d’abord sans traitement, et après traitement à 0,5 % (m/m) avec du borax. Les résultats montrent que le bois traité au borax associé à la présence des tannins et de NaOH dans l’adhésif améliore la résistance totale des composites vis-à-vis de Coriolus versicolor et Coniophora puteana.

Mots-clés

borax amidon de maïs durabilité tannin adhésif 

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Copyright information

© Springer S+B Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amine Moubarik
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bertrand Charrier
    • 1
  • Fatima Charrier
    • 1
  • Antonio Pizzi
    • 2
  • Ahmed Allal
    • 3
  1. 1.Sylvadour, IUT des Pays de l’AdourMont de MarsanFrance
  2. 2.ENSTIBUniversité de Nancy 1ÉpinalFrance
  3. 3.IPREM-EPCP (UMR 5254)Université de Pau et des Pays de l’AdourPau Cedex 9France

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