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Apidologie

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 128–139 | Cite as

Phoretic mites (Acari: Chaetodactylidae) associated with the solitary bee Tetrapedia diversipes (Apidae: Tetrapediini)

  • Guaraci Duran Cordeiro
  • Mariana Taniguchi
  • Carlos Holger Wenzel Flechtmann
  • Isabel Alves-dos-Santos
Original Article

Abstract

Solitary bees of the genus Tetrapedia have a specific association with mites of the genus Roubikia (Chaetodactylidae). These mites are frequently found attached to active Tetrapedia bees. We quantified the number of mites on individuals of Tetrapedia diversipes Klug and examined the interaction between these species. Nests of T. diversipes were obtained from trap-nests placed in four localities in São Paulo, Brazil. The study lasted from March 2007 to February 2009. Out of a total of 650 nests with emergences, 118 were infested with mites (Roubikia sp.). From these nests, 176 individuals of T. diversipes emerged with mites on their bodies. Additionally, six individuals of Coelioxoides waltheriae, the specific kleptoparasitic bee to T. diversipes, emerged. Mites were attached mainly to the mesosoma. All nests infected with mites did not presented mortality of the immature. The mortality rate of nests was inversely related to the level of mite infestation, suggesting a mutualistic interaction in which mites may remove fungi from the nests, while the bees would provide the mites with transport, dispersal, and shelter.

Keywords

solitary bee phoresy trap-nest Atlantic Forest symbiosis 

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Copyright information

© INRA, DIB-AGIB and Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guaraci Duran Cordeiro
    • 1
  • Mariana Taniguchi
    • 1
  • Carlos Holger Wenzel Flechtmann
    • 2
  • Isabel Alves-dos-Santos
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão PretoUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)Ribeirão Preto, SPBrasil
  2. 2.Departamento de Entomologia, Fitopatologia e Zoologia Agrícola, Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ)Universidade de São Paulo (USP)Piracicaba, SPBrasil
  3. 3.Laboratório de Abelhas, Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de BiociênciasUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)São Paulo, SPBrasil

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