Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 361–365 | Cite as

Confidence of graduating internal medicine residents to perform ambulatory procedures

  • Glenda C. Wickstrom
  • Maria M. Kolar
  • Thomas C. Keyserling
  • David K. Kelley
  • Sharon X. Xie
  • Bryan A. Bognar
  • Carmen L. Lewis
  • Connie T. DuPre
Original Articles


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the training of graduating internal medicine residents to perform 13 common ambulatory procedures, 3 inpatient procedures, and 3 screening examinations.

DESIGN: Self-administered descriptive survey.

SETTING: Internal medicine training programs associated with 9 medical schools in the eastern United States.

PARTICIPANTS: Graduating residents (N=128); response rate, 60%.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The total number of procedures performed during residency, importance for primary care physicians to perform these procedures, confidence to perform these procedures, and helpfulness of rotations for learning procedures were assessed. The majority of residents performed only 2 of 13 outpatient procedures 10 or more times during residency; simple spirometry and minor wound suturing. For all other procedures, the median number performed was 5 or fewer. The percentage of residents attributing high importance to a procedure was significantly greater than the percentage reporting high confidence for 8 of 13 ambulatory procedures; for all inpatient procedures, residents reported significantly higher confidence than importance. Continuity clinic and block ambulatory rotations were not considered helpful for learning ambulatory procedures.

CONCLUSIONS: Though residents in this sample considered most ambulatory procedures important for primary care physicians, they performed them infrequently, if at all, during residency and did not consider their continuity clinic experience helpful for learning these skills. Training programs need to address this deficiency by modifying the curriculum to ensure that these skills are taught to residents who anticipate a career in primary care medicine.

Key words

residents confidence training ambulatory procedures 


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Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Glenda C. Wickstrom
    • 1
  • Maria M. Kolar
    • 2
  • Thomas C. Keyserling
    • 3
  • David K. Kelley
    • 4
  • Sharon X. Xie
    • 5
  • Bryan A. Bognar
    • 6
  • Carmen L. Lewis
    • 7
  • Connie T. DuPre
    • 8
  1. 1.the Department of MedicineSumma Health System/Northeastern Ohio Universities College of MedicineAkron
  2. 2.Section of Internal MedicineWest Virginia University School of MedicineMorgantown
  3. 3.Department of MedicineUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of MedicineChaapel Hill
  4. 4.Department of MedicinePennsylvania State University School of MedicineHershey
  5. 5.Department of Health Evaluation SciencesPennsylvania State UniversityHershey
  6. 6.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of South Florida School of MedicineTampa
  7. 7.Department of MedicineUniversity of Virginia School of MedicineRichmond
  8. 8.Section of General MedicineMedical College of GeorgiaAugusta

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