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Transcriptional Control and Signal Transduction

Survivin modulates genes with divergent molecular functions and regulates proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells through Evi-1

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Abstract

The inhibitor of apoptosis protein Survivin regulates hematopoiesis, although its mechanisms of regulation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) remain largely unknown. While investigating conditional Survivin deletion in mice, we found that Survivin was highly expressed in phenotypically defined HSCs, and Survivin deletion in mice resulted in significantly reduced total marrow HSCs and hematopoietic progenitor cells. Transcriptional analysis of Survivin−/− HSCs revealed altered expression of multiple genes not previously linked to Survivin activity. In particular, Survivin deletion significantly reduced expression of the Evi-1 transcription factor indispensable for HSC function, and the downstream Evi-1 target genes Gata2, Pbx1 and Sall2. The loss of HSCs following Survivin deletion and impaired long-term HSC repopulating function could be partially rescued by ectopic Evi-1 expression in Survivin −/− HSCs. These data demonstrate that Survivin partially regulates HSC function by modulating the Evi-1 transcription factor and its downstream targets and identify new genetic pathways in HSCs regulated by Survivin.

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Acknowledgements

We thank Susan Rice and Denessa Lucket for cell sorting. This work was supported by a Biomedical Research Grant from the Indiana University School of Medicine, Research Support Funds Grants from Indiana University and Purdue University, Indianapolis, Research Support Funds from Mochida Memorial Foundation for Medical and Pharmaceutical Research, the Sankyo Biomedical Research Foundation and Mitsubishi Pharma Research Foundation, the Japan Leukaemia Research Fund, an AstraZeneca Research Grant, the Naito Memorial Foundation, a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) (20390298) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (to SF) and US Public Health Service Grants (HL69669, HL079654 and HL096305) from the National Institutes of Health (to LMP). EMC is an adjunct scientist with the Canadian Blood Services and holds a Canada Research Chair in Endothelial Biology and a CSL-Behring Research Chair.

Author Contributions

SF directed the projects, designed the research, performed experiments, analyzed the data and wrote the manuscript; JH performed experiments, analyzed data and wrote the manuscript; PS, JMS, MA and SY performed experiments and analyzed the data; EMC and GN prepared materials; LMP directed the project, performed experiments, interpreted the data and wrote the manuscript.

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Correspondence to S Fukuda or L M Pelus.

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Fukuda, S., Hoggatt, J., Singh, P. et al. Survivin modulates genes with divergent molecular functions and regulates proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells through Evi-1. Leukemia 29, 433–440 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1038/leu.2014.183

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