Visualization, as both the product and the process of creation, interpretation and reflection upon pictures and images, is gaining increased visibility in mathematics and mathematics education. This paper is an attempt to define visualization and to analyze, exemplify and reflect upon the many different and rich roles it can and should play in the learning and the doing of mathematics. At the same time, the limitations and possible sources of difficulties visualization may pose for students and teachers are considered.
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Arcavi, A. The role of visual representations in the learning of mathematics. Educational Studies in Mathematics 52, 215–241 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024312321077