Plant Ecology

, Volume 171, Issue 1–2, pp 209–220 | Cite as

Pines and oaks in the restoration of Mediterranean landscapes of Spain: New perspectives for an old practice — a review

  • Juli G. Pausas
  • Carme Bladé
  • Alejandro Valdecantos
  • José P. Seva
  • David Fuentes
  • José A. Alloza
  • Alberto Vilagrosa
  • Susana Bautista
  • Jordi Cortina
  • Ramon Vallejo


Pines have been extensively used for land restoration in the Mediterranean basin and in other parts of the world, since the late 19th century. The theoretical basis supporting pine utilisation was its stress-tolerant and pioneer features, and their attributed role of facilitating the development of late-successional hardwoods in the long-term. In the present work, the use of pines and hardwoods in forest restoration is discussed in the frame of the current disturbance regime and social demands for Mediterranean forests. Large pine plantations have recently disappeared because of their sensitivity to fire (e.g., Pinus nigra) or because of the short fire-intervals (e.g., Pinus halepensis). Combined pine and oak plantations are proposed for degraded land restoration on the basis of the complementary features of both groups of species. Seeding and containerised seedling plantation, soil amendments and plantation techniques to reduce transplant shock are evaluated for reforestation under water-stressing conditions, on the basis of several experiments performed in eastern Spain. Both P. halepensis and Quercus ilex are tested.

Fire Pinus halepensis Plantation Quercus ilex Reforestation Seedling survival 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juli G. Pausas
    • 1
    • 2
  • Carme Bladé
    • 1
  • Alejandro Valdecantos
    • 1
  • José P. Seva
    • 1
  • David Fuentes
    • 1
  • José A. Alloza
    • 1
  • Alberto Vilagrosa
    • 1
  • Susana Bautista
    • 2
  • Jordi Cortina
    • 2
  • Ramon Vallejo
    • 1
  1. 1.CEAM Centro de Estudios Ambientales del Mediterráneo, C. Charles Darwin 14Paterna, ValènciaSPAIN
  2. 2.Departament d'EcologiaUniversitat d'AlacantAlacantSPAIN

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