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Sugar Uptake and Utilisation during Adventitious Bud Differentiation on in Vitro Leaf Explants of ‘Wegierka Zwykła’ Plum (Prunus Domestica)

Abstract

Leaf explants of plum ‘Wegierka Zwykła’ were cultured on modified MS medium supplemented with 7.5 µM TDZ (thidiazuron) and 0.9 µM 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid), with the addition of either sucrose or glucose at a concentration of 2%, 3%, 4%, 5% or 6% (w/v). Regeneration was carried out in two steps: the first in darkness, the second in photoperiod conditions after subculture onto fresh medium. The study assessed the influence of the kind of sugar used and its concentration in the medium on organogenesis efficiency, and on sugar uptake from the medium. The results suggest that sucrose is a better carbon source than glucose for organogenesis of ‘Wegierka Zwykła’, even though at lower concentrations the efficiency of the sugars was comparable. With increasing concentration of sugars, the efficiency of organogenesis decreased, a relation more evident for media with glucose. In the first (dark) step of regeneration, the explants utilised less carbohydrates from the media than in the second step, when the main increase of explant weight took place. In the second phase, at 2–5% concentrations glucose uptake was higher than sucrose uptake.

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Correspondence to Barbara Nowak.

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Nowak, B., Miczyński, K. & Hudy, L. Sugar Uptake and Utilisation during Adventitious Bud Differentiation on in Vitro Leaf Explants of ‘Wegierka Zwykła’ Plum (Prunus Domestica). Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 76, 255–260 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:TICU.0000009247.94819.02

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  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/B:TICU.0000009247.94819.02

  • carbon source
  • in vitro culture
  • leaf explants
  • Prunus Spp
  • regeneration
  • Sucrose and glucose