Social Justice Research

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 129–142 | Cite as

Social Justice in Our Minds, Homes, and Society: The Nature, Causes, and Consequences of Implicit Bias

  • Laurie A. Rudman


Social injustice is disruptive both personally and collectively, and the ordinariness of implicit prejudice plays a role in this process. In this report, I discuss the correspondence between implicit and explicit biases, and factors that moderate their association. In addition, I differentiate between declarative and procedural definitions of implicit bias, which have implications for their nonconscious nature. To underscore their conceptual distinction, I also present evidence that points to different origins for implicit and explicit biases. Finally, actions for confronting implicit bias are prescribed.

implicit social cognition prejudice stereotypes 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Tillett HallRutgers UniversityPiscataway

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