Social Indicators Research

, Volume 69, Issue 1, pp 103–116 | Cite as

Quality of Life in a City: The Effect of Population Density

  • Victoria Cramer
  • Svenn Torgersen
  • Einar Kringlen


There exist a number of concepts andoperational definitions of quality of life. Inthe present study the aim has been to develop acomprehensive, global index of quality of life,and relate the sub-indexes and global index tovarious socio-demographic variables, somatichealth and density of population in theresidential area. The sample consisted of 2066individuals between 18 and 65 years old fromthe common population. Seven sub-indexes weredeveloped. They constituted one factor withmoderate intercorrelations between thesub-indexes. Good somatic health, living in astable relationship with a partner, preferablymarried, in a less densely populated area,having a good education, a good income andbeing a younger female were the independentstatistical determinants of global quality oflife. However, various sub-indexes were relatedto different socio-demographic variables. Agewas oppositely related to differentsub-indexes. The study shows the importance ofwhat type of quality of life is investigated.To our knowledge, this is the first study ofthe effect of population density on quality oflife.

age education gender income living together married population density quality of life somatic health 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victoria Cramer
    • 1
  • Svenn Torgersen
    • 1
  • Einar Kringlen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOslo UniversityBlindernNorway
  2. 2.Oslo UniversityOsloNorway

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