Advertisement

Social Indicators Research

, Volume 65, Issue 3, pp 355–360 | Cite as

Substance Use Disorders in a Sample of Iranian Secondary School Students

  • Jamshid Ahmadi
  • Mohammadjavad Alishahi
  • Maryam Alavi
Article

Abstract

Aims: The current research assessed therate of substance use among Iranian secondaryschool students. Participants: 470boy secondary school students selected randomlyand were assessed. Measurements: Aconfidential questionnaire based on DSM-IV anda prior study was distributed, completed by thestudents and collected in the same sessions in2001. Results: Their mean age was13.6 yr., (SD = 0.67) ranging from 12 to 14. Ofthe subjects 105 (22.3%) reported usage ofsubstance (s) once or more sometime duringtheir lives: tobacco 82 (17.5%) alcohol 32(6.8%), opium 3 (−0.6%), hashish 1 (−0.2%), and heroin 2 (0.4%). Only 39 (8.3%) of the students were current substance dependent: 29 (6.2%) were tobacco dependent and 13 (2.8%)were alcohol dependent. Some were using morethan one substance. Conclusions:Tobacco and alcohol were found to be the mostprevalent form of substance use. Seekingpleasure, modeling and release of tension werethe most common reasons for initial substanceuse. The most common reasons reported forcurrent use were seeking pleasure, habit andrelease of tension, respectively. Thesefindings can be implicated in planningpreventive programs. Some of the findings aredifferent from those carried in the west.Cultural attitudes could be the causes of thedifferences.

Keywords

Alcohol Opium Heroin Common Reason Secondary School Student 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Ahmadi, J., H. Khalili, R. Jooybar, N. Namazi and P. Mohammadaghaei: 1999, 'Epidemiology of cigarette smoking among Iranian Population', presented at world Psychiatric Association, Regional Congress, Preventive Psychiatry. Athens, Greece.Google Scholar
  2. Alemi, A. A.: 1978, 'The iceberg of opium addiction: an epidemiological survey of opium addiction in a rural community', Drug and Alcohol Dependence 3, pp. 107-112.Google Scholar
  3. American Psychiatric Association: 1994, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC).Google Scholar
  4. Coleman, E. A., G. Honeycutt, B. Ogden, D. E. McMillan, P. S. O'Sullivan, K. Light and W. Wing Field: 1997, 'Assessing substance abuse among health care students and the efficacy of educational interventions', Journal of Prof.-Nurse 13(1), pp. 28-37.Google Scholar
  5. Kory, W. P. and L. A. Crandall: 1984, 'Non-medical drug use patterns among medical students', The International Journal of Addiction 19(8), pp. 871-884.Google Scholar
  6. McKay, A. J., V. M. Hawthorne and H. N. McCartney: 1973, 'Drug taking among medical students at Glasgow University', British Medical Journal 1, pp. 540-543.Google Scholar
  7. Merchant, N.M., E. pournadeali, S. P. Zimmer and H. A. Ronaghy: 1976, 'Factors related to drug abuse among Iranian university students', Pahlavi Medical Journal 7(4), pp. 516-528.Google Scholar
  8. Moosavi, Gh.: 2000, 'Substance use among Iranian high school students', presented at Fourth Iranian Seminar on Children and Adolescents Mental Health, Zanjan, Iran, 18–20 October.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jamshid Ahmadi
    • 1
  • Mohammadjavad Alishahi
    • 1
  • Maryam Alavi
    • 1
  1. 1.Shiraz University of Medical SciencesShirazIran

Personalised recommendations