Sex Roles

, Volume 50, Issue 11–12, pp 835–850 | Cite as

The Costs of Accepting Gender Differences: The Role of Stereotype Endorsement in Women's Experience in the Math Domain

  • Toni SchmaderEmail author
  • Michael Johns
  • Marchelle Barquissau


Two studies were designed to examine the costs of stereotype endorsement for women's self-perceptions, career intentions, and susceptibility to stereotype threat in the math domain. Study 1, a survey of women majoring in math-related fields, revealed that women who believe that status differences between the sexes are legitimate were more likely to endorse gender stereotypes about women's math abilities, which in turn predicted more negative self-perceptions of math competence and less interest in continuing study in one's field. In Study 2, women who tended to endorse gender stereotypes were found to be more susceptible to the negative effects of stereotype threat on their math test performance. The implications of these results for research on stereotype endorsement and women's math achievement are discussed.

gender stereotypes stereotype threat legitimizing ideologies career choice math performance 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toni Schmader
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael Johns
    • 1
  • Marchelle Barquissau
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of ArizonaTucson

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