Sex Roles

, Volume 50, Issue 1–2, pp 119–127 | Cite as

Physical Self-Concept and Sports: Do Gender Differences Still Exist?

  • Anne Torhild KlomstenEmail author
  • Einar M. Skaalvik
  • Geir Arild Espnes


Gender differences in physical self-concept among elementary- and secondary-school students were investigated. Physical self-concept was measured by the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire. The results indicated significantly higher physical self-concept in boys than in girls in eight subdomains, as well as global physical self-concept and self-esteem. Physical self-concept decreased with increasing age, and there was a significant age by gender interaction in the global physical, body fat, appearance, sports competence, and strength dimensions. Physical appearance was the subdomain that most strongly predicted global self-esteem. The present investigation demonstrated gender differences in multifaceted physical self-concept. Gender differences were large in the global physical, endurance, strength, appearance, and body fat-scales. In the health, flexibility, and coordination dimensions, gender differences were smaller.

physical self-concept gender age 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne Torhild Klomsten
    • 1
    Email author
  • Einar M. Skaalvik
    • 2
  • Geir Arild Espnes
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Sport SciencesNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyNorway
  2. 2.Department of Educational PsychologyNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyNorway
  3. 3.Department of Social Work and Health SciencesNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyNorway

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