Advertisement

Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 58, Issue 3, pp 1–8 | Cite as

Caffeine and theobromine composition of mate (Ilex paraguariensis) leaves in five plantations of Misiones, Argentina

  • F. Marx
  • M.J.J. Janssens
  • P. Urfer
  • R. Scherer
Article

Abstract

Marked differences regarding both caffeine and theobromine contents of mate leaves (Ilex paraguariensis) were found among 230 mass selected candidate trees distributed across 5 plantations in the region of Misiones, Argentina. In the vast majority of the analyzed samples, the caffeine concentrations ranged within the established limits for mate leaves, however theobromine contents (average content 0.96%) generally surpassed literature figures so far published [4,10]. By means of a simple cluster analysis using “group average” as the clustering algorithm, the samples were divided into eight different groups according to the contents of both purine alkaloids. Based upon this division it will be possible to pick appropriate genotypes for breeding ideotypes which meet more precisely the different specific consumer expectations.

breeding program caffeine Ilex paraguariensis mate tea theobromine 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Giberti GC (1979) Las especies argentinas del género Ilex L. (Aquifoliaceae). Darwiniana 22: 217–240.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ohem N (1992) Der Mate und seine Inhaltsstoffe: Phytochemische und pharmakokinetische Untersuchungen an Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. Diss. Thesis, University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Athayde ML, Schenkel EP (2000) Metilxantinas e saponinas em quatro populações de Ilex paraguariensis A. St. Hil. In: Winge H (Organizer), Anais do 2 Congresso Sul-Americano da Erva Mate, Encantado R.S., Brazil - Universidad UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil Nov. 19-23 pp 121–124.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Clifford MN, Ramirez-Martinez JR (1990) Chlorogenic acids and purine alkaloids contents of Mate (Ilex Paraguariensis) leaf and beverage. Food Chem 35: 13–21.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Da Croce DM (2000) Características Físico-Químicas da Erva-Mate no Estado de Santa Catarina. In: Winge H (Organizer), Anais do 2 Congresso Sul-Americano da Erva Mate, Encantado R.S., Brazil - Universidad UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil Nov. 19-23 pp. 77–79.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Scherer RA, Urfer PB, Mayol MR, Janssens MJJ (2000) Selección de yerba mate en la region productora Argentina: parámetros morfofisiológicos relacionados a calidad y producción. In: Winge H (Organizer), Anais do 2 Congresso Sul-Americano da Erva Mate, Encantado R.S., Brazil - Universidad UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil Nov. 19-23 pp. 129–132.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Coelho GC, Rachwal M, Schnorrenberger E, Schenkel EP (2000) In: Winge H (Organizer), Anais do 2 Congresso Sul-Americano da Erva Mate, Encantado R.S., Brazil - Universidad UFRGS, Porto Alegre, Brazil Nov. 19-23, pp. 396–399.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gosmann G, Guillaume D, Taketa ATC, Schenkel EP (1995) Triterpenoid saponins from Ilex paraguariensis. J Nat Prod 58: 438–441.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pires VS, Guillaume D, Gosmann G, Schenkel EP (1997) Saponins from Ilex dumosa, an erva-mat´ e (Ilex paraguariensis) adultering plant. J Agric Food Chem 45: 1027–1031.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Berger J (1995) Charakterisierung der Blätter von Ilex paraguariensis Saint Hilaire und möglicher Verfälschungen mit Hilfe botanischer und phytochemischer Methoden. Dissertationes Botanicae, Vol. 240, Ed. J. Cramer, Berlin, Stuttgart.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Marx
    • 1
  • M.J.J. Janssens
    • 1
  • P. Urfer
    • 2
  • R. Scherer
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Food Science and Food ChemistryUniversity of BonnArgentina
  2. 2.PINDO S.A.Pto EsperanzaArgentina

Personalised recommendations