Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 58, Issue 3, pp 1–8 | Cite as

Nutritional contents of different foliage cuttings of vegetable amaranth

  • Sudhir Shukla
  • Vibha Pandey
  • G. Pachauri
  • B.S. Dixit
  • R. Banerji
  • S.P. Singh

Abstract

The foliage of 10 promising cultivars of vegetable amaranth from four cuttings were evaluated separately to gather information on different nutritional and antinutritional factors. Considering palatability and digestibility, the cultivars AV-35/1, AV-35, AV-45, AV- 77 and AV-63 were found to be the most promising because of low fiber and high protein (g/100 g). On an overall mean basis, the cultivar AV-35 (353.0 ± 54.6 mg/kg) followed by AV-45 (350.25± 73.59 mg/kg) and AV-35/1 (324.78±58.56 mg/kg) had the higher carotenoid contents. Leaf protein content ranged from 1.95 to 3.06 g/100 g with the maximum being in AV-63 (3.06 g). The ascorbic acid was variable (135.0 to 215 mg/100 g); the highest was noted in AV-64 (215.0 mg/100 g). Oxalic acid was lowest in AV-45 (0.06%) followed by AV-151 (0.11%). Considering overall nutritional values, AV-35, AV-45 and AV-35/1 were the promising genotypes.

Amaranth Ascorbic acid Carotenoid Chlorophyll Moisture Nutritional and antinutritional factor Oxalic acid Protein 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Prakash D, Pal M (1991) Nutritional and antinutritional composition of vegetable and grain amaranth leaves. J Sci Food Agric 57: 573–83.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Devadas RP, Saroja S (1980) Availability of iron and beta-carotene from amaranth to children. Proc Of the Second Amaranth Conference. Rodale Press, Emmaus. pp 15–21.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kutsky RJ (1973) Ascorbic acid. In Handbook of Vitamins and Harmones. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, pp 71–78.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Prakash D, Joshi BD, Pal M (1995) Vitamin C in leaves and seed oil composition of the amaranth species. Int J Food Sci & Nutr 46: 47–51.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shukla S, Singh SP (2000) Studies on genetic parameters in vegetable amaranths. J Gent & Breed 54: 133–135.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Katiyar RS, Shukla S, Rai S (2000) Varietal performance of grain amaranths on sodic soil. Proc Nat Acad Sci, India 70(B)II: 185–187.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jensen A (1978) Chlorophylls and carotenoids. In Hellebust JA, Craigie JS (eds), Hand-book of Physiological Methods: Physiological and Biochemical Methods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp 5–70.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Watson CA (1994) Official and Standardized Methods of Analysis. IIIrd Edition, Pub-lished by The Royal Society of Chemistry, Thomas Graham House, Science Park, Cambridge CB4 4WF. pp 6.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lowry OH, Rosebrough NJ, Farr AL, Randall RJ (1951) Protein measurement with the folin-phenol reagent. J Biol Chem 193: 265–75.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Glick D (1954) Methods of Biochemical Analysis. Vol 1, Interscience Publishers, Inc, New York. pp 127–132.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bharadwaj K, Chandra V 1987 Trianthema portulacastrum Linn: Natural resource of oxalic acid. Res Ind 32: 112–23.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Panse VG, Sukhatme PV (1978) Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers. ICAR, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gupta K, Weigle DS (1988) Nutritional and antinutritional factors of green leafy vegetables. J Agric Food Chem 36: 472–474.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sudhir Shukla
    • 1
  • Vibha Pandey
    • 2
  • G. Pachauri
    • 2
  • B.S. Dixit
    • 2
  • R. Banerji
    • 2
  • S.P. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Breeding & Genetics SectionNational Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Lipid Metabolism LaboratoryNational Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia

Personalised recommendations