Whistleblowing is a form of organizational dissent that is rarely successful, instead usually leading to disaster for the whistleblower. Organizational theorists seldom have addressed the question of how to improve whistleblowers’ strategies. A useful general perspective for doing this is to conceive of bureaucracies as authoritarian political systems. The concept of political jiu-jitsu, from the theory of nonviolent action, is adapted to organizational contexts and used to assess a range of tactics used by organizational elites against dissidents. The resulting implications for whistleblower strategies are assessed by comparison with standard recommendations offered by experienced whistleblower advisers.
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Martin, B., Rifkin, W. The Dynamics of Employee Dissent: Whistleblowers and Organizational Jiu-Jitsu. Public Organization Review 4, 221–238 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:PORJ.0000036869.45076.39
- nonviolent action