We have studied the thermodynamics of magnetically ordered bcc solid 3He near the triple point, where the high-field phase (HFP), low-field phase (LFP), and paramagnetic phase (PP) coexist, by using isochoric pressure measurements along isentropes. The experiment gives the first unambiguous proof that the transition from the paramagnetic phase to the high-field phase is first order. It also shows that Δv h/Δv l>Δs h/Δs l at the triple point, where Δv h, l is the molar-volume difference between the HFP (LFP) and the PP, and Δs h, l the corresponding molar entropy difference.
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Omelaenko, N.F., Adams, E.D. & Takano, Y. Isentropic Pressure of Magnetically Ordered bcc Solid 3He Near the Triple Point. Journal of Low Temperature Physics 134, 187–192 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JOLT.0000012554.09239.11
- Magnetic Material
- Pressure Measurement
- Triple Point
- Magnetically Order