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Interspecific Relationships Between the Solitary Ectoparasitoid, Eupelmus vuilleti (Crw.) (Eupelmidae), and Its Sympatric Species, Dinarmus basalis (Rond.) (Pteromalidae), in the Presence of Their Host, Callosobruchus maculatus Pic (Coleoptera Bruchidae)

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Abstract

The eupelmid Eupelmus vuilleti CRW. and the pteromalid Dinarmus basalis Rond. are sympatric in West Africa. The reproduction of E. vuilleti and D. basalis females was analyzed in 10, 20, and 40 host patches when present alone or together. In 10- and 20-hosts patches, the presence of E. vuilleti affected the reproduction and offspring survival chances of D. basalis. In 40-hosts patch, only the offspring survival of D. basalis was affected by the presence of E. vuilleti. In contrast, the presence of D. basalis did not influence the reproduction of E. vuilleti and the survival chances of its offspring at all host densities tested. Multiparasitism did not occur at random. In a choice test, E. vuilleti showed a preference for hosts previously parasitized by D. basalis on healthy hosts. This attraction is mediated by chemical markers deposited by D. basalis females on the surface of the seed. At high host density, the likelihood of encountering a seed containing a host previously parasitized by D. basalis was lower for E. vuilleti, affecting moderately D. basalis reproductive success.

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Jaloux, B., Sanon, A., Huignard, J. et al. Interspecific Relationships Between the Solitary Ectoparasitoid, Eupelmus vuilleti (Crw.) (Eupelmidae), and Its Sympatric Species, Dinarmus basalis (Rond.) (Pteromalidae), in the Presence of Their Host, Callosobruchus maculatus Pic (Coleoptera Bruchidae). Journal of Insect Behavior 17, 793–808 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JOIR.0000048989.36181.4d

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JOIR.0000048989.36181.4d

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