Multidimensional Assessment of Emotion Regulation and Dysregulation: Development, Factor Structure, and Initial Validation of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale

  • Kim L. Gratz
  • Lizabeth Roemer


Given recent attention to emotion regulation as a potentially unifying function of diverse symptom presentations, there is a need for comprehensive measures that adequately assess difficulties in emotion regulation among adults. This paper (a) proposes an integrative conceptualization of emotion regulation as involving not just the modulation of emotional arousal, but also the awareness, understanding, and acceptance of emotions, and the ability to act in desired ways regardless of emotional state; and (b) begins to explore the factor structure and psychometric properties of a new measure, the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS). Two samples of undergraduate students completed questionnaire packets. Preliminary findings suggest that the DERS has high internal consistency, good test–retest reliability, and adequate construct and predictive validity.

emotion regulation emotion dysregulation assessment experiential avoidance deliberate self-harm 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kim L. Gratz
    • 1
  • Lizabeth Roemer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Massachusetts BostonBoston

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