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Differences between the wear couples metal-on-polyethylene and ceramic-on-ceramic in the stability against dislocation of total hip replacement

  • Rainer BaderEmail author
  • Erwin Steinhauser
  • Susanne Zimmermann
  • Wolfram Mittelmeier
  • Roger Scholz
  • Raymonde Busch
Article

Abstract

After total hip replacement an insufficient range of motion (ROM) can lead to contact between femoral neck and rim of the cup (=impingement) causing dislocation and consecutive material failure. The purpose of this study was to analyse the influence of different wear couples on the ROM and stability against dislocation. By means of a special testing device the ROM until impingement, the ROM until dislocation as well as the resisting moment against levering the head out of the cup were experimentally determined. Various total hip systems with cup inserts made of ceramic and polyethylene were comparatively examined in different implant positions. Maximum resisting moment as well as the ROM until impingement and dislocation were clearly influenced by the implant position. Furthermore, the stability against dislocation was affected by design parameters, whereas in the case of appropriate implant position differing wear couples (metal-on-polyethylene vs. ceramic-on-ceramic) had a minor impact. However, as shown by tests under lubricant conditions, ceramic-on-ceramic couples provided less dislocation stability in unfavourable implant position in comparison to metal-on-polyethylene. Therefore, ceramic-on-ceramic couples should only be applied in the case of optimised implant orientation preventing impingement and dislocation with subsequent material failure like chipping off or breakage.

Keywords

Polymer Polyethylene Femoral Neck Design Parameter Special Testing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rainer Bader
    • 1
    Email author
  • Erwin Steinhauser
    • 1
  • Susanne Zimmermann
    • 1
  • Wolfram Mittelmeier
    • 1
  • Roger Scholz
    • 2
  • Raymonde Busch
    • 3
  1. 1.Klinik für Orthopädie und SportorthopädieTechnische Universität MünchenGermany
  2. 2.Klinik und Poliklinik für OrthopädieUniversität LeipzigGermany
  3. 3.Institut für Medizinische Statistik und EpidemiologieTechnische Universität MünchenGermany

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