Advertisement

Journal of Insect Conservation

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 223–231 | Cite as

Beetles (Coleoptera) on brownfield sites in England: An important conservation resource?

  • M.D. EyreEmail author
  • M.L. Luff
  • J.C. Woodward
Article

Abstract

A total of 78 brownfield (post-industrial and urban) sites were surveyed for beetles between 1991 and 2001 throughout England using pitfall traps. The distribution of ground, rove and phytophagous beetle assemblages was investigated using ordination and classification analyses. Site drainage and vegetation cover had a profound effect on the distribution of ground and rove beetle assemblages but site location was also important for phytophagous beetle assemblages. A total of 182 records of 46 nationally rare and scarce species (16 ground, 10 rove and 20 phytophagous species) were generated. A number of these species are more usually associated with other, more ‘natural’ habitats such as riverine sediments, sandy heaths and chalk grassland. Brownfield sites provide habitat conditions similar to more natural habitats and they may help maintain populations of some rare and scarce species. The results indicate that brownfield sites are important habitats for beetles and there is evidence that the situation is similar for other invertebrate groups. There should be no further assumptions that post-industrial and urban sites have no conservation interest.

Brownfield sites Ground beetles Invertebrate conservation Phytophagous beetles Rove beetles 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ball S.G. 1997. RECORDER 3.3. A Database for Site-based, Species Occurrence Records. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough.Google Scholar
  2. Bezdek J.C. 1981. Pattern Recognition with Fuzzy Objective Algorithms. Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Chudzicka E. 1987. Structure of leafhopper (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha) communities in the urban green of Warsaw. Memor. Zool. 42: 67-99.Google Scholar
  4. Davis B.N.K. 1982. Habitat diversity and invertebrates in urban areas. Urban Ecol. 6: 49-63.Google Scholar
  5. Davis B.N.K. and Jones P.E. 1978. The ground arthropods of some chalk and limestone quarries in England. J. Biogeog. 5: 159-171.Google Scholar
  6. Dennis P., Young M.R., Howard C.L. and Gordon I.J. 1997. The response of epigeal beetles (Col.: Carabidae, Staphylinidae) to varied grazing regimes on upland Nardus stricta grasslands. J. Appl. Ecol. 34: 433-443.Google Scholar
  7. Durka W., Brandle M. and Altmoos M. 1997. Succession, habitats and conservation of carabid beetles in brown coal surface mines. Mitt. Deutsch. Gesell. Allge. Angew. Entomol. 11: 111-114.Google Scholar
  8. Eversham B.C. and Telfer M.G. 1994. Conservation value of roadside verges for stenotopic heathland Carabidae: corridors or refugia? Biodiv. Conserv. 3: 538-545.Google Scholar
  9. Eversham B.C., Roy D.B. and Telfer M.G. 1996. Urban, industrial and other manmade sites as analogues of natural habitats for Carabidae. Ann. Zool. Fenn. 33: 149-156.Google Scholar
  10. Eyre M.D. and Luff M.L. 1995. Coleoptera on post-industrial land: a conservation problem? Land Contam. Reclam. 3: 132-134.Google Scholar
  11. Eyre M.D. and Luff M.L. 2002. The use of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in conservation assessments of exposed riverine sediment habitats in Scotland and northern England. J. Insect Conserv. 6: 25-38.Google Scholar
  12. Eyre M.D. and Luff M.L. 2003. The distribution of epigeal beetle (Coleoptera) assemblages on the north-east England coast. J. Coastal Res. (in press).Google Scholar
  13. Eyre M.D., Luff M.L., Rushton S.P. and Topping C.J. 1989. Ground beetles and weevils (Carabidae and Curculionoidea) as indicators of grassland management practices. J. Appl. Entomol. 107: 508-517.Google Scholar
  14. Eyre M.D., Luff M.L. and Lott D.A. 2000. Records of rare and notable beetle species from riverine sediments in Scotland and northern England. Coleopterist 9: 25-38.Google Scholar
  15. Eyre M.D., Lott D.A. and Luff M.L. 2001a. The rove beetles (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) of exposed riverine sediments in Scotland and northern England: habitat classification and conservation aspects. J. Insect Conserv. 5: 173-186.Google Scholar
  16. Eyre M.D., Woodward J.C. and Luff M.L. 2001b. The distribution of grassland Auchenorrhyncha assemblages (Homoptera: Cercopidae, Cicadellidae, Delphacidae) in northern England and Scotland. J. Insect Conserv. 5: 37-45.Google Scholar
  17. Eyre M.D., Luff M.L. and Lott D.A. 2002. The importance of exposed riverine sediments for phytophagous beetles (Coleoptera) in Scotland and northern England. Aquatic Conserv.: Mar. Freshw. Ecosyst. 12: 195-208.Google Scholar
  18. Eyre M.D., Woodward J.C. and Luff M.L. 2003. Notes on the distribution and habitats of some species of Hemiptera. Br. J. Entom. Nat. Hist. (in press).Google Scholar
  19. Gibson C.W.D. 1998. Brownfield: Red Data. The values artificial habitats have for uncommon invertebrates. English Nature Research Report 273, English Nature, Peterborough, pp. 1-43.Google Scholar
  20. Good J.A. 1999. Recolonisation by Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) of old metalliferous tailings and mine soils in Ireland. Biol. Environ. - Proc. R. Irish Acad. 99B: 27-35.Google Scholar
  21. Hardy P.B. and Dennis R.L.H. 1999. The impact of urban development on butterflies within a city region. Biodiv. Conserv. 8: 1261-1279.Google Scholar
  22. Hill M.O. 1979. DECORANA - a FORTRAN Program for Detrended Correspondence Analysis and Reciprocal Averaging. Ecology and Systematics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.Google Scholar
  23. Holl K.D. 1996. The effect of coal surface mine reclamation on diurnal lepidopteran conservation. J. Appl. Ecol. 33: 225-236.Google Scholar
  24. Hopkins P.J. and Webb N.R. 1984. The composition of the beetle and spider faunas on fragmented heathlands. J. Appl. Ecol. 21: 935-946.Google Scholar
  25. Hutson B.R. and Luff M.L. 1978. Invertebrate colonization and succession on industrial reclamation sites. Scient. Proc. R. Dublin Soc., Ser. A 6: 165-174.Google Scholar
  26. Hyman P.S. and Parsons M.S. 1992. A Review of the Scarce and Threatened Coleoptera of Great Britain. Part 1. UK Nature Conservation, 3, JNCC, Peterborough, 1-484.Google Scholar
  27. Hyman P.S. and Parsons M.S. 1994. A Review of the Scarce and Threatened Coleoptera of Great Britain. Part 2. UK Nature Conservation 12, JNCC, Peterborough, 1-248.Google Scholar
  28. Jacob-Remacle A. 1984. Ecological study of the Hymenoptera Aculeata living in the most urbanized zone of the city of Liege. Bull. Ann. Soc. R. Belge Entomol. 120: 241-262.Google Scholar
  29. Kegel B. 1990. The distribution of carabid beetles in the urban area of west Berlin. In: Stork N.E. (ed.), The Role of Ground Beetles in Ecological and Environmental Studies, Intercept, Andover, pp. 325-329.Google Scholar
  30. Kirby P. 1984. Heteroptera colonising demolition sites in Derby. Entomol. Mon. Mag. 120: 253-258.Google Scholar
  31. Krajca A. and Krumpalova Z. 1998. Epigeic spider (Araneae) communities of nickel leach dumps and their surroundings near Sered' (Slovakia). Biologia 53: 173-187.Google Scholar
  32. Lott D.A. and Daws J.T. 1995. The conservation value of urban demolition sites in Leicester for beetles. Land Contam. Reclam. 3: 79-81.Google Scholar
  33. Luff M.L. 1996. Environmental assessments using ground beetles (Carabidae) and pitfall traps. In: Eyre M.D. (ed.), Environmental Monitoring, Surveillance and Conservation using Invertebrates, EMS Publications, Newcastle upon Tyne, pp. 42-47.Google Scholar
  34. Luff M.L. and Eyre M.D. 1988. Soil-surface activity of weevils (Col., Curculionoidea) in grassland. Pedobiologia 32: 39-46.Google Scholar
  35. Luff M.L., Eyre M.D. and Rushton S.P. 1989. Classification and ordination of habitats of ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in north-east England. J. Biogeog. 16: 121-130.Google Scholar
  36. Luff M.L., Eyre M.D. and Rushton S.P. 1992. Classification and prediction of grassland habitats using ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae). J. Environ. Manag. 35: 301-315.Google Scholar
  37. Nagy B. 1997. Orthoptera species and assemblages in the main habitat types of some urban areas in the Carpathian Basin. Biologia 52: 233-240.Google Scholar
  38. Richter K., Klausnitzer B. and Zimdars A. 1986. On the ant fauna of different urban-influenced ruderal places in the district of Leipzig (Hym., Formicidae). Entomol. Nach. Ber. 30: 115-120.Google Scholar
  39. Sanderson R.A. 1992. Hemiptera of naturally vegetated derelict land in north-west England. Entomologist's Gaz. 43: 221-226.Google Scholar
  40. Schmitz G. 1996. Urban ruderal sites as secondary habitats for phytophagous insects. Verh. Gesell. Okol. 26: 581-585.Google Scholar
  41. Sheppard D.A. and Barker G.M.A. 1992. Invertebrates of Urban Habitats. English Nature, Peterborough.Google Scholar
  42. Spalding A. and Haes E.C.M. 1995. Contaminated land - a resource for wildlife: a review and survey of insects on metalliferous mine sites in Cornwall. Land Contam. Reclam. 3: 24-29.Google Scholar
  43. Ter Braak C.J.F. 1987. CANOCO - A FORTRAN Program for Canonical Community Ordination by (Partial) (Detrended) (Canonical) Correspondence Analysis, Principal Components Analysis and Redundancy Analysis. ITI-TNO, Wageningen.Google Scholar
  44. Turin H., Alders K., den Boer P.J., van Essen S., Heijerman T., Laane W. and Penterman E. 1991. Ecological characterisation of carabid species (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in the Netherlands from thirty years of pitfall sampling. Tijds. Entomol. 134: 279-304.Google Scholar
  45. Wahlbrink D. and Zucchi H. 1994. Occurrence and settlement of carabid beetles on an urban railway embankment - a contribution to urban ecology. Zool. Jahrb., Abt. System. Okol. Geog. Tiere 121: 193-201.Google Scholar
  46. Webb N.R. 1989. Studies on the invertebrate fauna of fragmented heathland in Dorset, UK, and its implications for conservation. Biol. Conserv. 43: 157-165.Google Scholar
  47. Wright A. 1998. Hoverflies in a city environment: experiences in Coventry. Dipterists Digest 1: 37-40.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Life Sciences ModellingSchool of Biology, The UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  2. 2.Entomological Monitoring Services (EMS)Newcastle upon Tyne(e-mail

Personalised recommendations