Skip to main content
Log in

A Test Method for Determining Total Metals with an Indicator Paper and Its Performance Characteristics

  • Published:
Journal of Analytical Chemistry Aims and scope Submit manuscript


A test procedure is proposed for determining total metals (Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, Ni, and Zn) using irregular 1-(2-carboxyphenyl)-5-(4-methyl-6-methoxypyrimidine-2-yl)formazan-6-cellulose as an indicator paper. Regions of unreliable color reactions were determined for each of the metals and total metals present in equal concentrations. Statistical processing showed that the Weibull distribution function best describes the experimental results in the unreliable reaction regions. Unreliable reaction was observed in the range (3.6–4.4) × 10–3 mg/L for the test procedure with preconcentration and in the range 1.7–3.4 mg/L for the procedure without preconcentration; the detection limits are 4.4 × 10–3 and 3.4 mg/L, respectively. A synergetic effect of the component mixture was observed in determining total metals. The visual, reflectometric, and atomic absorption determination of total Co, Cu, Fe, Ni, and Zn in natural and tap water was studied; it was shown that the results of test determination agree well with the data of other methods.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Zolotov, Yu.A, Ivanov, V.M., and Amelin, V.G., Khimicheskie test-metody analiza(Chemical Test Methods of Analysis), Moscow: Editorial URSS, 2002.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Zvereva, G.A., Ostrovskaya, V.M., Yushkova, O.G., and Reshetnyak, E.A., Abstracts of Papers, XXI Mezhdunarodnaya Chugaevskaya konferentsiya po koordinatsion-noi khimii(XXI Int. Chugaev Conf. on Coordination Chemistry), Kiev, 2003, pp. 258.

  3. Ostrovskaya, V.M., Zaporozhets, O.A., Budnikov, G.K., and Chernavskaya, N.M., Voda. Indikatornye sistemy(Water: Indicator Systems), Moscow: FGUP VTII, 2002.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Pantaler, R.P., Ivkova, T.I., Gudzenko, L.V., Gaiduk, O.V., and Blank, B.A., Vestn. Khark. Nats. Univ.,2002, no. 532, Khimiya, no. 7(30), p. 1.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Pantaler, R.P., Lebed', N.B., Avramenko, L.I., and Blank, A.B., Zh. Anal. Khim., 1997, vol. 52, no. 6, p. 643 [J. Anal. Chem.(Engl. Transl.), 1997, vol. 52, no. 6, p.576].

    Google Scholar 

  6. Amelin, V.G., Zh. Anal. Khim., 2000, vol. 55, no. 9, p.902 [J. Anal. Chem.(Engl. Transl.), 2000, vol. 55, no. 9, p. 808].

    Google Scholar 

  7. Komar', N.P., Osnovy kachestvennogo khimicheskogo analiza(Handbook of Qualitative Chemical Analysis), Kharkov: Khar. Gos. Univ., 1955.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Malyutina, T.M. and Kon'kova, O.V., Analiticheskii kontrol' v metallurgii tsvetnykh i redkikh metallov(Analytical Control in Metallurgy of Nonferrous and Rare Metals), Moscow: Metallurgiya, 1988.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Bugaevskii, A.A., Kruglov, V.O., and Kravchenko, M.S., Zavod. Lab., 1976, vol. 42, no. 1, p. 68.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Kravchenko, M.S., Fumarova, M.S., and Bugaevski, A.A., Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 1988, vol. 33, p. 257.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Ostrovskaya, V.M., Aksenova, M.S., Osyka, V.F., Kravchenko, M.S., and Bushtets, S.N., Vysokochist. Veshchestva,1992, no. 3, p. 152.

  12. Pantaler, R.P., Egorova, L.A., Avramenko, L.I., and Blank, A.B., Zh. Anal. Khim., 1996, vol. 51, no. 9, p. 997 [J. Anal. Chem.(Engl. Transl.), 1996, vol. 51, no. 9, p.915].

    Google Scholar 

  13. Bol'shev, L.N. and Smirnov, N.V., Tablitsy matematicheskoy statistiki(Tables of Mathematical Statistics), Moscow: Nauka, 1983.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Demidenko, E.Z., Lineinaya i nelineinaya regressii(Linear and Nonlinear Regressions), Moscow: Finansy i Statistika, 1981.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Van der Waerden, B. L., Mathematische Statistik, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1957. Translated under the title Matematicheskaya statistika, Moscow: Inostrannaya Literatura, 1960.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Nalimov, V.V., Primenenie matematicheskoi statistiki v analize veshchestva(The Use of Mathematical Statistics in Chemical Analysis), Moscow: Fizmat. Literatura, 1960, p. 107.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Ostrovskaya, V.M., Zh. Anal. Khim., 1999, vol. 54, no. 11, p. 1126 [J. Anal. Chem.(Engl. Transl.), 1999, vol. 54, no. 11, p. 994].

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ostrovskaya, V.M., Reshetnyak, E.A., Nikitina, N.A. et al. A Test Method for Determining Total Metals with an Indicator Paper and Its Performance Characteristics. Journal of Analytical Chemistry 59, 995–1001 (2004).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: