Hyperfine Interactions

, Volume 151, Issue 1–4, pp 145–153 | Cite as

Biological permanent magnets

  • Richard B. Frankel


Magnetotactic bacteria orient and migrate along magnetic field lines. Each cell is essentially a self-propelled magnetic dipole. The magnetic properties of these bacteria have been determined by a variety of techniques, including pulsed hysteresis measurements on single cells.

Key words

aerotaxis electron holography greigite magnetite magnetosomes magnetotaxis 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard B. Frankel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsCalifornia Polytechnic State UniversitySan Luis ObispoUSA

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