Skip to main content

Rotifers in different environments of the Upper Paraná River floodplain (Brazil): richness, abundance and the relationship with connectivity

Abstract

Rotifers were collected in the open water of twenty-eight locations (3 rivers, 12 connected lagoons and 13 isolated lagoons) of the upper Paraná River floodplain during the high water (February) and low water (August) period of 2001. Greatest species richness was found in rivers during the high water period. Isolated lagoons had the lowest species richness. Abundance was highest in connected lagoons followed by isolated lagoons and then rivers, but did not show marked spatial or temporal variation. Some species dominated in isolated lagoons during high water and others in connected lagoons during the low water. These results were contrary to our expectations; we expected to observe highest species richness and abundance of rotifers in isolated lagoons during both extremes of the hydrological cycle. Our findings suggest the importance of connectivity among environments to rotifer species richness. The absence of an intense flood during 2001 facilitated development of rotifer populations during the high water period due to lack of dilution and high availability of food resources (phytoplankton).

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Agostinho, A. A., S. M. Thomaz & K. Nakatani (eds), 2000. A planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná: aspectos físicos, biológicos e socioeconômicos. Eduem, Maringá: 353 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Allan, J. D., 1976. Life history patterns in zooplankton. American Naturalist 110: 165–180.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Amoros, C. & A. L. Roux, 1988. Interaction between waterbodies within the floodplain of large rivers: function and development of connectivity. In Schreiber, K. F. (ed.), Connectivity in Landscape Ecology. Proceedings of the 2nd International Seminar of the International Association of Landscape Ecology; Münstersche Geographische Arbeiten 29, Münster: 125–130.

  • Astlz, S. & H. Alvarez, 1998. El zooplancton en el alto y medio rio Orinoco, Venezuela. Acta Científica Venezolana 49: 5–18.

    Google Scholar 

  • Barbosa, F. A. R., F. V. Villarte, J. F. G. Serrudo, G. P. C. P. Renault, P. M. Maia-Barbosa, R. M. Menéndez, M. C. F. Pereira & J. A. Vianna, 1999. Water quality, zooplankton and macroinvertebrates of the rio Tahuamanu and the rio Nareuda. In Chernoff, B. & P. W. Willink (eds), A Biological Assessment of the Aquatic Ecosystems of the Upper Río Orthon Basin, Pando, Bolivia. Conservation International, Bulletin of Biological Assessment 15: 27–34

  • Baumgartner, G., K. Nakatani, M. Cavicchioli & M. S. T. Baumgartner, 1997. Some aspects of the ecology of fish larvae in the floodplain of the high Paraná river, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 14: 551–563.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bonecker, C. C., 1998. Estudos populacionais de rotíferos em diferentes ambientes da planície de inundação do Alto rio Paraná-MS. Tese de Doutorado, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, UEM: Maringá.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bonecker, C. C. & F. A. Lansac-Tôha, 1996. Community structure of rotifers in two environments of the high river Paraná floodplain (MS), Brazil. Hydrobiologia 325: 137–150.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Bonecker, C. C., F. A. Lansac-Tôha & A. Staub, 1994. Qualitative study of rotifers in different environments of the High Paraná river floodplain (MS)-Brazil. Unimar 16: 1–16.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bonecker, C. C., F. A. Lansac-Tôha & L. M. Bini. 1997. Composition of zooplankton in different environments of theMato Grosso Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil. In Anais do VIII Seminário Regional de Ecologia, São Carlos, 1123–1135.

  • Bonecker, C. C., F. A. Lansac-Tôha, L. M. Bini & L. F. M. Velho, 2002. Daily fluctuation in rotifer population abundance in two environments of the Upper Paraná river floodplain, Brazil. Amazoniana 17: 139–151.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bottrell, H. H., A. Duncan, Z. Gliwicz, E. Grygierek, A. Herzig, A. Hillbricht-Ilkovska, H. Kurasawa, P. Larsson & T. Weglenska, 1976. A review of some problems in zooplankton production studies. Norwegian Journal of Zoology 24: 419–456.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bozelli, R. L., 1992. Composition of the zooplankton community of Batata and Mussurá Lakes and of the Trombetas River, state of Pará, Brazil. Amazoniana 12: 239–261.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bozelli, R. L., 2000. Zooplâncton. In Bozelli, R. L., F. A. Esteves & F. Roland (eds), Lago Batata: impacto e recuperação de um ecossistema amazônico. IB-UFRJ/SBL, Rio de Janeiro: 119–138.

    Google Scholar 

  • Campos, J. R. C., F. A. Lansac-Tôha, M. A. Nunes, P. P. Garcia & F. R. Prado, 1996. Composição da comunidade zooplanctônica de três lagoas da ilha Porto Rico na planície de inundação do Alto rio Paraná. Acta Limnologica Brasiliensis 8: 183–194.

    Google Scholar 

  • Corrales de Jacobo, M. A., 1979. Contribucion al conocimiento del zooplancton del Alto Paraná. Ecosur 6: 185–205.

    Google Scholar 

  • Dabés, M. B. G. S., 1995. Composição e descrição do zooplâncton de 5 (cinco) lagoas marginais do rio São Francisco, Pirapora/ TrêsMarias/ Minas Gerais/ Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Biologia 55: 831–845.

    Google Scholar 

  • Frutos, S. M., 1998. Densidad y diversidad del zooplancton en los ríos Salado y Negro-planicie del río Paraná-Argentina. Revista Brasileira de Biologia 58: 431–444.

    Google Scholar 

  • Garcia, A. P. P., F. A. Lansac-Tôha & C. C. Bonecker, 1998. Species composition and abundance of rotifers in different environments of the floodplain of the upper Paraná river, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 15: 327–343.

    Google Scholar 

  • Green J., 1963. Zooplankton of the river Sokoto, The Rhizopoda Testacea. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 141: 497–514.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Green, J., 1975. Freshwater ecology in the Mato Grosso, Central Brazil, IV: Associations of testate Rhizopoda. Journal of Natural History 9: 545–560.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hamilton, S. K., S. J. Sippel, W. M. Lewis Jr & J. F. Saunders III, 1990. Zooplankton abundance and evidence for its reduction by macrophyte mats in two Orinoco floodplain lakes. Journal of Plankton Research 12: 345–363.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hardy, E. R., 1980. Composição do zooplâncton em cinco lagos da Amazonia Central. Acta Amazonica 10: 577–609.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hardy, E. R., B. Robertson & W. Koste, 1984. About the relationship between the zooplankton and fluctuating water levels of Lago Camaleão, a central Amazonian várzea lake. Amazoniana 9: 43–52.

    Google Scholar 

  • Heiler, G., T. Hein & F. Schiemer, 1994. The significance of hydrological connectivity for limnological processes in Danubian backwaters. Verhandling Internationale Vereinigung für theoritisch und angewandte Limnologie 25: 1674–1679.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Hutchinson, G. E., 1959. Homage to Santa Rosalia, or why are there so many kinds of animals? American Naturalist 93: 145–159.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hutchinson, G. E., 1961. The paradox of the plankton. American Naturalist 95: 137–145.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jongman, R. H. G., C. J. F. Terbraak & G. F. R. Van Tongeren, 1995. Data Analysis in Community and Landscape Ecology. Cambridge University Press, New York, 299 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • José de Paggi, S., 1976. Primeras observaciones sobre el zooplankton del rio Santa Fé com especial referencia a las zonas afectadas por aportes aloctonos. Revista de la Asociacion de Ciencias Naturales del Litoral 7: 139–150.

    Google Scholar 

  • José de Paggi, S., 1977. First observations on longitudinal succession of zooplankton in the main course of the Paraná river between Santa Fe and Buenos Aires harbour. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 13: 143–156.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • José de Paggi, S., 1980. Campaña limnológica ‘Keratella I’ en el río Paraná medio: zooplancton de ambientes lóticos. Ecología 4: 69–75.

    Google Scholar 

  • José de Paggi, S., 1983. Estudio sinóptico del zooplancton de los principales cauces y tributarios del valle aluvial del río Paraná: tramo Goya-Diamante, I parte. Revista de la Asociacion de Ciencias Naturales del Litoral 14: 163–178.

    Google Scholar 

  • José de Paggi, S., 1989. Rotíferos de algunas provincias del nordeste argentino. Rev. Revue d’Hydrobiologie Tropicale 22: 223–238.

    Google Scholar 

  • Julio Jr, H. F., A. C. Petry, M. R. Russo & L. C. Gomes, 2001. Ictiofauna. In. Agostinho, A. A., S. M. Thomaz & K. A. Nakatani (eds), A planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná: aspectos físicos, biológicos e socioeconômicos. Eduem, Maringá: 131–147.

    Google Scholar 

  • Junk, W. J., 1997. The Central Amazon Floodplain. Springer-Verlag, New York, 525 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Junk, W. & B. A. Robertson, 1997. Aquatic invertebrates. In Junk, W. (ed.), The Central Amazon Floodplain. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 528 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Koste, W., 1972. Rotatorien aus Gewassern Amazoniens. Amazoniana 3: 258–505.

    Google Scholar 

  • Koste, W., 1978. Rotatoria. Die Rädertiere Mitteleuropas. Bestimmungswerk begründet von Max Voigt. 2 vols. Borntraeger, Stuttgart.

    Google Scholar 

  • Koste, W. & B. Robertson, 1983. Taxonomic studies of the rotifera from Central Amazonian varzea lake, Lago Camaleão (Ilha de Marchantaria, Rio Solimões, Brazil). Amazoniana 8: 225–254.

    Google Scholar 

  • Krebs, C. J., 2001. Community organization II: predation and competition in equilibrial communities. In Cummings, B. (ed.), Ecology. Addison Wesley Longman Inc., San Francisco: 459–484.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lansac-Tôha, F. A., C. C. Bonecker, L. F. M. Velho & A. F. Lima, 1997. Composição, distribuição e abundância da comunidade zooplanctônica. In Vazzoler, A. E. A. M., A. A. Agostinho & N. S. Hahn (eds), A planície de inundação do Alto rio Paraná: aspec-H5266881.tex; 5/02/2004; 11:18; p.9 tos físicos, biológicos e socioeconômicos. EDUEM, Maringá: 117–155.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lima, A. F., F. A. Lansac-Tôha, L. F. M. Velho & L. M. Bini, 1998. Environmental influence on planktonic cladocerans and copepods in the floodplain of the Upper River Paraná, Brazil. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 33: 188–196.

    Google Scholar 

  • MacCune, B. & M. J. Mefford, 1995. PC-ORD. Multivariate analysis of ecological data, version 2.0. MJM Software Design gleneden Blach, Oregon, 126 pp.

  • Marzolf, G. R., 1990. Reservoirs as environments for zooplankton. In Thornton, K.W., B. L. Kimmel & F. E. Payne (eds), Reservoir Limnology: Ecological Perspectives. John Wiley & Sons, New York: 195–208.

    Google Scholar 

  • Paggi, J. C. & S. José de Paggi, 1974. Primeros estudios sobre el zooplancton de las aguas loticas del Parana medio. Physis 33: 91–114.

    Google Scholar 

  • Paggi, J. C. & S. José de Paggi, 1990. Zooplâncton de ambientes lóticos e lênticos do rio Paraná Médio. Acta Limnologica Brasiliensis 3: 685–719.

    Google Scholar 

  • Robertson, B. A. & E. R. Hardy, 1984. Zooplankton of Amazonian lakes and rivers. In Sioli, H. (ed), The Amazon. Limnology and Landscape Ecology of aMight Tropical River and Its Basin. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht: 337–352.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rossa, D. C., 2001. Abundância e biomassa de rotíferos em diferentes ambientes lênticos da planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná (PR/MS). Dissertação de Mestrado, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, UEM: Maringá.

    Google Scholar 

  • Saunders III, J. F. & W. M. Lewis Jr, 1988. Zooplankton abundance and transport in a tropical white-water river. Hydrobiologia 162: 147–155.

    Google Scholar 

  • Segers, H., 1995. The Lecanidae (Monogononta). In Nogrady T. & H. Dumont (eds), Rotifera 2. Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World 6. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague: 226 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sendacz, S., 1997. Zooplankton studies of floodplain lakes of the upper Paraná river, São Paulo State, Brazil. Verhandling Internationale Vereinigung für theoritisch und angewandte Limnologie 26: 621–627.

    Google Scholar 

  • Serafim, M. Jr, 1997. Heterogeneidade espacial e temporal da comunidade zooplanctônica do sistema rio Ivinhema-lagoa dos Patos, planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná (MS). Dissertação de Mestrado, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, UEM: Maringá.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sokal, R. R. & F. J. Rohlf, 1991. Biometry: the Principles and Pratice of Statistics in Biological Resarch. W.H. Freeman and Company, New York, 859 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Souza Filho, E. E., C. Comunello, A. C. Petry, M. R. Russo, A. M. Santos, R. R. A. Rocha & R. A. Leimig, 2000. Descrição dos locais de amostragem. In Agostinho, A. A., S. M. Thomaz & K. Nakatani (eds), A planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná: aspectos físicos, biológicos e socioeconômicos. Eduem, Maringá: 353 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Takeda, A. M., G. Y. Shimizu, G. M. Shulz & A. C. M. Silva, 1991. Zoobentos de quatro lagoas de várzea do alto rio Paraná (MSBrasil). Influência do regime hidrológico sobre a comunidade. Unimar 13: 365–387.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thomaz, S. M., M. C. Roberto & L. M. Bini, 1997. Caracterização limnológica dos ambientes aquáticos e influência dos níveis fluviométricos. In Vazzoler, A. E. A. M., A. A. Agostinho & N. S. Hahn (eds), A Planície de Inundação do Alto Rio Paraná: Aspectos Físicos, Biológicos e Socioeconômicos. Eduem, Maringá: 73–102.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thomaz, S. M., M. C. Roberto, F. A. Lansac-Tôha, F. A. Esteves & A. F. Lima, 1991. Dinâmica temporal dos principais fatores limnológicos do rio Baía-planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná-MS, Brasil. Unimar 13: 299–312.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vásquez, E., 1984. Estudio de las comunidades de rotíferos del Orinoco medio, bajo Caroní y algunas lagunas de inundación (Venezuela). Memoria Sociedad de Ciencias Naturales La Salle 44: 95–108.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vásquez, E. & J. Rey, 1989. A longitudinal study of zooplankton along the lower Orinoco river and its delta (Venezuela). Annales de Limnologie 25: 107–120.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Vásquez, E., M. J. Pardo, E. Zoppi de Roa & C. López, 1998. Rotifer fauna from Venezuela. Amazoniana 15: 11–24.

    Google Scholar 

  • Velho, L. F. M., F. A. Lansac-Tôha & L. M. Bini, 1999. Spatial and temporal variation in densities of testate amoebae in the plankton of the upper Paraná river. Hydrobiologia 411: 103–113.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ward, J. V. & J. A. Stanford, 1995a. The serial discontinuity concept-extending the model to floodplain rivers. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management 10: 159–168.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ward, J. V. & J. A. Stanford, 1995b. Ecological connectivity in alluvial river ecosystems and its disruption by flow regulation. Regulated Rivers: Research and Management 11: 105–119.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Aoyagui, A.S., Bonecker, C.C. Rotifers in different environments of the Upper Paraná River floodplain (Brazil): richness, abundance and the relationship with connectivity. Hydrobiologia 522, 281–290 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:HYDR.0000029980.49859.40

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/B:HYDR.0000029980.49859.40

  • rotifers
  • floodplain
  • connectivity
  • dilution
  • lagoon
  • richness
  • abundance