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The effects of nutrients and their ratios on phytoplankton abundance in Junk Bay, Hong Kong

Abstract

Eutrophication has been considered to be undoubtedly one of the key factors stimulating phytoplankton growth, since it involves the enrichment of a water mass with both inorganic and organic nutrients supporting plant growth. Nutrient enrichment as a result of anthropogenic activity occurs in estuaries and coastal waters as well as in lakes and freshwater impoundments, and blooms of phytoplankton are one of the effects of such an accelerated process of nutrient enrichment. This paper presents the results of a two-year survey of the nutrients and phytoplankton at 3 stations in Junk Bay, Hong Kong, carried out from 1997 to 1998. The relationships between nitrogen, phosphorus, and their ratio, with phytoplankton abundance have been studied. The results show that the highest nitrogen concentration was in Station 2 which is close to a sewage input, whereas the highest phosphorus concentration was in Station 1 which is close to a landfill area. The mean N:P ratios at the three stations were between 8 and 14. The diatoms were the dominant group during most of the year but it seems that diatoms were more sensitive than dinoflagellates and other algal groups to the increase in nutrients.

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Hodgkiss, I., Lu, S. The effects of nutrients and their ratios on phytoplankton abundance in Junk Bay, Hong Kong. Hydrobiologia 512, 215–229 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:HYDR.0000020330.37366.e5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/B:HYDR.0000020330.37366.e5

  • eutrophication
  • nutrients
  • N:P ratio
  • phytoplankton
  • harmful algal bloom
  • Junk Bay
  • Hong Kong