The plant hormone auxin has been shown to be involved in lateral root development and application of auxins, indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), increases the number of lateral roots in several plants. We found that the effects of two auxins on lateral root development in the indica rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. IR8) were totally different from each other depending on the application method. When the roots were incubated with an auxin solution, IAA inhibited lateral root development, while IBA was stimulatory. In contrast, when auxin was applied to the shoot, IAA promoted lateral root formation, while IBA did not. The transport of [3H]IAA from shoot to root occurred efficiently (% transported compared to supplied) but that of [3H]IBA did not, which is consistent with the stimulatory effect of IAA on lateral root production when applied to the shoot. The auxin action of IBA has been suggested to be due to its conversion to IAA. However, in rice IAA competitively inhibited the stimulatory effect of IBA on lateral root formation when they were applied to the incubation solution, suggesting that the stimulatory effect of IBA on lateral root development is not through its conversion to IAA.
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Chhun, T., Taketa, S., Tsurumi, S. et al. Different Behaviour of Indole-3-Acetic Acid and Indole-3-Butyric Acid in Stimulating Lateral Root Development in Rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Growth Regulation 43, 135–143 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:GROW.0000040120.37448.53
- Indole-3-acetic acid
- Indole-3-butyric acid
- Lateral root
- Oryza sativa L.