GeoInformatica

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 237–264 | Cite as

A Spatial Access-Oriented Implementation of a 3-D GIS Topological Data Model for Urban Entities

  • Jiyeong Lee

Abstract

3-D analysis in GIS is still one of the most challenging topics for research. With the goal being to model possible movement within the built environment, this paper, therefore, proposes a new approach to handling connectivity relationships among 3-D objects in urban environments in order to implement spatial access analyses in 3-D space. To achieve this goal, this paper introduces a 3-D network data model called the geometric network model (GNM), which has been developed by transforming the combinatorial data model (CDM), representing a connectivity relationship among 3-D objects using a dual graph. For the transformation, this paper presents (1) an O(n2) algorithm for computing a straight medial axis transformation (MAT), (2) the processes for transforming phenomena from 3-D CDM to 3-D GNM, and (3) spatial access algorithms for the 3-D geometric network based upon the Dijkstra algorithm. Using the reconstructed geometric network generated from the transformations, spatial queries based upon the complex connectivity relationships between 3-D urban entities are implemented using Dijkstra algorithm. Finally, the paper presents the results of an experimental implementation of a 3-D network data model (GNM) using GIS data of an area in downtown Columbus, Ohio.

3-D GIS topological data model dual graph spatial access medial axis 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiyeong Lee
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyMinnesota State UniversityMankatoU.S.A

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