Journal of Financial Services Research

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 57–69 | Cite as

Japan and Hong Kong Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs): Discounts, Returns, and Trading Strategies

  • Timothy E. Jares
  • Angeline M. Lavin


Foreign exchange-traded funds (ETFs) trade on U.S. exchanges but provide broad exposure to foreign markets. ETFs are designed to minimize the deviation between price and value of the underlying securities. However, nonoverlapping trading hours between the United States and many foreign markets inhibit this mechanism. The data for Japan and Hong Kong iShares show that deviations exist between the ETF price and the value of the underlying securities. The deviations are positively related to subsequent ETF returns creating potential profit opportunities. A simple trading rule based on this observation produces impressive gross returns when compared to a buy-and-hold strategy.

Foreign exchange-traded funds asynchronous trading. 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy E. Jares
    • 1
  • Angeline M. Lavin
    • 2
  1. 1.Monfort College of BusinessUniversity of Northern ColoradoUSA
  2. 2.University of South DakotaUSA

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