Cytogenetical studies in wheat XIX. Location and linkage studies on gene Yr27 for resistance to stripe (yellow) rust

Abstract

The stripe (yellow) rust resistance gene Yr27 was located in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) chromosome 2B and shown to be closely linked to the leaf (brown) rust resistance genes Lr13 and Lr23 in the proximal region of the short arm. Gene Yr27 was genetically independent of Lr16, which is distally located in the same arm. While Yr27 was often difficult to score in segregating seedling populations, it is apparently quite effective in conferring resistance to avirulent cultures under field conditions. The occurrence of Yr27 in Mexican wheat germplasm and the current over-dependence on Yr27 for crop protection in Asia are discussed.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Boukhatem, N., P. V. Baret, D. Mingeot & J. M. Jacquemin, 2002. Quantitative trait loci for resistance against yellow rust in two wheat-derived recombinant inbred line populations. Theor Appl Genet 104:111–118.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Brown, J. S. & R. J. Holmes, 1983. Guidelines for use of foliar sprays to control stripe rust of wheat in Australia. Plant Dis 67:485–487.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Dyck, P. L. & E. R. Kerber, 1971. Chromosome location of three genes for leaf rust resistance in common wheat. Can J Genet Cytol 13:480–483.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Ellison, P. J. & G. M. Murray, 1992. Epidemiology of Pucinnia striiformis f. sp. tritici on wheat in southern New South Wales. Aust J Agric Res 43:29–41.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Eriksen, L., F. Afshari, M. J. Christiansen, R. A. McIntosh, A. Jahoor & C. R. Wellings, 2004. Yr32 for resistance to stripe (yellow) rust present in wheat cultivar Carstens V. Theor Appl Genet 108:567–575.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Gassner, G. & W. Straib, 1932. Die bestimmung der biologis-chen rassen des weizengelbrostes (Puccinia glumarum f. sp. tritici (Schmidt.) Erikss. & Henn.). Arbeiten der Biologischen Reich-sanstalt f ¨ ur Land und Forstwirtschaft (Berlin) 20:141–163.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Gosal, K. S., 2000. Aspects of Resistance to Wheat Stripe Rust in Australia. PhD Thesis. The University of Sydney.

  8. Hawthorn, W. M., 1984. Genetic Analyses of Leaf Rust Resistance in Wheat. PhD Thesis. The University of Sydney.

  9. Johnson, R., R. W. Stubbs, E. Fuchs & N. H. Chamberlain, 1972. Nomenclature for physiological races of Puccinia striiformis in-fecting Wheat. Trans Brit Mycol Soc 58:475–480.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Ma, H. & R. P. Singh, 1996. Contribution of adult plant resistance gene Yr18 in protecting wheat from yellow rust. Plant Dis 80: 66–69.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Marino, C. L., C. Nelson, Y. H. Lu, M. E. Sorrells, C. R. Lopes & G. E. Hart, 1996. Molecular genetic maps of the group 6 chro-mosomes of hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em. Thell).Genome 39:359–366.

    Google Scholar 

  12. McIntosh, R. A., Y. Yamazaki, K. M. Devos, J. Dubcovsky, W. J. Rogers & R. Appels, 2003. Catalogue of gene symbols for wheat. In: Proc. 10th Int Wheat Genet Symp, Vol. 4. Instituto Sperimen-tale per la Cerealicoltura, Rome, Italy.

  13. McIntosh, R. A., C. R. Wellings & R. F. Park, 1995. Wheat Rusts: An Atlas of Resistance Genes. CSIRO East Melbourne, Australia.

    Google Scholar 

  14. McNeal, F. H., C. F. Konzak, E. P. Smith, W. S. Tate & T. S. Russell, 1971. A uniform system for recording and processing cereal re-search data. ARS Bull 34–121. USDA, Washington.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Mingeot, D. & J. M. Jacquemin, 1999. Mapping of RFLP probes characterized for their polymorphism on wheat. Theor Appl Genet 98: 1132–1137.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Murray, G. M., P. J. Ellison, A. Watson & B. R. Cullis, 1994. The relationship between wheat yield and stripe rust as affected by length of epidemic and temperature at the grain development stage of crop growth. Plant Pathol 43:397–405.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Nelson J. C., R. P. Singh, J. E. Autrique & M. E. Sorrells, 1997. Mapping genes conferring and suppressing leaf rust resistance in wheat. Crop Sci 37:1928–1935.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Nelson, J. C., M. E. Sorrells, A. E. Van Deynze, Y. H. Lu, M. Atkinson, M. Bernard, P. Leroy, J. D. Faris & J. A. Anderson, 1995a. Molecular mapping of wheat. Major genes and rearrangements in homoeologous groups 4, 5, and 7. Genetics 141: 721–731.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Nelson, J. C., A. E. Van Deynze, E. Autrique, M. E. Sorrells, Y. H. Lu, M. Merlino, M. Atkinson & P. Leroy, 1995b. Molecular mapping of wheat. Homoeologous group 2. Genome 38: 517–524.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Nelson, J. C., A. E. Van Deynze, E. Autrique, M. E. Sorrells, Y. H. Lu, S. Negre, M. Bernard & P. Leroy, 1995c. Molecular mapping of wheat. Homoeologous group 3. Genome 38:525–533.

    Google Scholar 

  21. O'Brien, L., J. S. Brown, R. M. Young & T. Pascoe, 1980. Occurrence and distribution of wheat stripe rust in Victoria and susceptibility of commercial wheat cultivars. Australasian Plant Pathol 9: 14.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Park, R. F., J. J. Burdon & R. A. McIntosh, 1995. Studies of the origin, spread, and evolution of an important group of Puccinia recondita f. sp. tritici pathotypes in Australasia. Eur J Plant Pathol 101: 613–622.

    Google Scholar 

  23. R¨oder, M. S., V. Korzun, K. Wendehake, J. Plaschke, M.H. Tixier, P. Leroy & M. Ganal, 1998. A microsatellite map of wheat. Genetics 149:2007–2023.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Singh, R. P. & J. Huerta-Espino, 2001. Global monitoring of wheat rusts, and assessment of genetic diversity and vulnerability of popular cultivars. In: Research Highlights of the CIMMYTWheat Program 1999–2000, pp. 38–40. CIMMYT, Mexico, DF.

  25. Singh, R. P., J. C. Nelson & M. E. Sorrells, 2000. Mapping Yr28 and other genes for resistance to stripe rust in wheat. Crop Sci 40: 1148–1155.

    Google Scholar 

  26. Van Deynze, A. E., J. Dubcovsky, K. S. Gill, J. C. Nelson, M. E. Sorrells, J. Dvorak, B. S. Gill, E. S. Lagudah, S. R. McCouch & R. Appels, 1995. Molecular–genetic maps for chromosome 1 in Triticeae species and their relation to chromosomes in rice and oats. Genome 38:47–59.

    Google Scholar 

  27. Wellings, C. R., 1992. Resistance to stripe (yellow) rust in selected spring wheats. Vortr¨ age f ¨ ur Pflanzenz¨ uchtung 24:273–275.

    Google Scholar 

  28. Wellings, C. R., R. A. McIntosh & J. C. Walker, 1987. Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici in Australia—possible means of entry and implications for plant quarantine. Plant Pathol 36:239–241.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

McDonald, D., McIntosh, R., Wellings, C. et al. Cytogenetical studies in wheat XIX. Location and linkage studies on gene Yr27 for resistance to stripe (yellow) rust. Euphytica 136, 239–248 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:EUPH.0000032709.59324.45

Download citation

  • genetic mapping
  • leaf rust
  • monosomic analysis
  • Puccinia striiformis
  • Puccinia triticina
  • RFLP
  • Triticum aestivum