, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 195–202 | Cite as

Characterisation of the undissolved residuals ID CMC-solutions

  • Kristina JardebyEmail author
  • Helena Lennholm
  • Ulf Germgård


The undissolved fibre and gel residuals that had not completely reacted to form fully dissolved carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) ID the production of CMC were studied to clarify the reactivity of wood components ID the pulp. The undissolved residuals, the pulp and the CMC were therefore analysed on the fibre level, the cell-wall level and the chemical composition level. The results may be interpreted as indicating that the presence of undissolved residuals ID the CMC was not due to any chemical difference. The undissolved residuals were shown to consist mainly of swollen cell wall parts and some whole wood cells, mainly thick-walled compression wood and summerwood cells. They react more slowly ID the mercerisation and etherification, probably because of a greater diffusion resistance due to their larger dimensions or to a more dense structure. These cells are assumed to be less accessible for chemical penetration, but they may also contain supramolecular structures that slow down the CMC reaction.

Carbohydrate analysis (CMC) Carboxymethyl cellulose Fibre ID spectroscopy Microscopy STFI Fibermaster™ Spruce sulfite pulp Undissolved residuals Wood cells 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristina Jardeby
    • 1
    Email author
  • Helena Lennholm
    • 2
  • Ulf Germgård
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringKarlstad UniversityKarlstadSweden
  2. 2.Department of Fibre- and Polymer TechnologyRoyal Institute of Technology (KTH)StockholmSweden

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