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Study of Resistance of Musa acuminata to Fusarium oxysporum using RAPD markers

Abstract

Suckers collected from different populations of Musa acuminata ssp. malaccensis were found to be highly resistant to race 4 of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (FOC) suggesting that local wild banana populations co-evolved with the pathogen. Seedlings from these wild banana plants segregated for resistance to the pathogen. The infected seedlings were characterized based on external and internal symptoms and the variable response to FOC was mainly due to the genetic factors. Using the technique of random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD), 96 major amplification products from 15 primers were identified. Only 10 out of 96 markers were monomorphic and shared among the seed progenies, whereas the remaining 86 were highly polymorphic. Three primers showed banding patterns specific to resistant or susceptible seedlings. These results showed the great potential of the wild Musa acuminata ssp. malaccensis as a source for banana improvement and also for the synthesis of segregating populations for linkage mapping, gene cloning and DNA markers related to FOC resistance.

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Correspondence to M.A. Javed.

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Javed, M., Chai, M. & Othman, R. Study of Resistance of Musa acuminata to Fusarium oxysporum using RAPD markers. Biologia Plantarum 48, 93–99 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:BIOP.0000024281.85427.6d

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  • DNA markers
  • Fusarium wilt
  • molecular breeding
  • zygotic embryo culture