, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 295–305 | Cite as

A Possible Connection Between Self-Consciousness and Quantum

  • Gao Shan


We study the possible connection between self-consciousness and quantum process. It is shown that the self-consciousness function can help to measure the collapse time of wave function under some condition, while the usual physical device without self-consciousness can't. Furthermore, we show that the observer with self-consciousness can distinguish the definite state and the superposition of definite states under some stronger condition. This provides a practical physical method to differentiate man and machine, and will also help to find the possible existence of self-consciousness in the animal kingdom. We finally give some further discussions about these new results.

quantum theory collapse of wave function self-consciousness to differentiate man and machine to test the existence of self-consciousness panpsychism 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Albert, D.: 1995, Quantum Mechanics and Experience, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  2. Bell, J.S.: 1987, Speakable and Unspeakable In Quantum Mechanics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  3. Brody, D. and L.P.Hughston: 2001, 'Experimental Tests for Stochastic Reduction Models', LANL e-print quant-ph/0104032.Google Scholar
  4. Chalmers, D.: 1996, The Conscious Mind, Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  5. Diosi, L.: 1989, 'Models for Universal Reduction of Macroscopic Quantum Fluctuations', Phys. Rev. A 40, 1165–1174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Duane, D. and T. Behrendt: 1965, 'Extrasensory Electroencephalographic Induction Between Identical Twins', Science 150, 367.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Fivel, D.I.: 1997, 'An Indication From the Magnitude of CP Violations that Gravitation is a Possible Cause of Wave-Function Collapse', LANL e-print quant-ph/9710042.Google Scholar
  8. Ghirardi, G.C., A. Rimini, and T. Weber: 1986, 'Unified Dynamics for Microscopic and Macroscopic Systems' Phys. Rev. D 34, 470–491.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ghirardi, G.C., A. Rimini, and T. Weber: 1990, 'A Continuous-Spontaneous-Reduction Model Involving Gravity', Phys. Rev. D 42, 1057–1064.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Grinberg-Zylberbaum, J., D.Dalaflor, L.Attie, and A.Goswami: 1994, 'The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox in the Brain: The Transferred Potential', Physics Essays 7, 422.Google Scholar
  11. Hagan, S., S.R. Hameroff, and J.A. Tuszynski: 2002, 'Quantum Computation in Brain Microtubules: Decoherence and Biological Feasibility', Phys. Rev. E 65, 061901.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hameroff, S.R. and R. Penrose: 1996, 'Conscious Events as Orchestrated Space-Time Selections', Journal of Consciousness Studies 3(1), 36–53.Google Scholar
  13. Hameroff, S.R.: 1998, 'Quantum Computation in Brain Microtubules? The Penrose-Hameroff “Orch OR” Model of Consciousness', Philosophical Transactions Royal Society London (A) 356, 1869–1896.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hecht, S., S. Shlaer, and M.H. Pirenne: 1941, 'Energy, Quanta and Vision', J. Gen. Physiology 25, 819.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hughston, L.P.: 1996, Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A 452, 953.Google Scholar
  16. Marshall, W., C. Simon, R. Penrose, and D. Bouwmeester: 2002, 'Towards Quantum Superpositions of a Mirror', LANL e-print quant-ph/0210001.Google Scholar
  17. McGinn, C.: 1999, The Mysterious Flame: Conscious Minds in a Material World, Basic Books, New York.Google Scholar
  18. Pearle, P.: 1989, 'Combining Stochastic Dynamical State-vector Reduction with Spontaneous Localization', Phys. Rev. A 39, 2277–2289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Penrose, R.: 1989, The Emperor's New Mind Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  20. Penrose, R.: 1996, 'On Gravity's Role in Quantum State Reduction', Gen. Rel. and Grav 28, 581–600.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Percival, I.C.: 1994, 'Quantum Space-Time Fluctuations and Primary State Diffusion', Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A 447, 189–209.Google Scholar
  22. Pieke, F. and D.A.Baylor: 1998, 'Single Photon Detection by Rod Cells of the Retina', Rev. Mod Phys. 70, 1027.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Shan, Gao: 1999a, 'The Collapse Problem can be Tackled in Terms of New Motion of Particle', LANL e-print physics/9907002.Google Scholar
  24. Shan, Gao: 1999b, 'How to Realize Quantum Superluminal Communication?', LANL eprint quant-ph/9906116.Google Scholar
  25. Shan, Gao: 2000a, Quantum Motion and Superluminal Communication, Chinese B&T Publishing House, Beijing.Google Scholar
  26. Shan, Gao: 2000b, 'Revised Quantum Dynamics Permits Superluminal Communication', Quantum-Mind Digest #002628.Google Scholar
  27. Shan, Gao: 2001a, 'From Quantum Motion to Classical Motion-seeking the Lost Reality', Physics Essays 14(1), 37–48.Google Scholar
  28. Shan, Gao: 2001b, 'Can Consciousness Conquer Quantum Randomness?', Quantum-Mind Digest #002836.Google Scholar
  29. Shan, Gao: 2002, 'A Quantum Method to Test the Existence of Consciousness', The Noetic Journal 3(3), 233–235.Google Scholar
  30. Shan Gao: 2003, 'A Possible Quantum Basis of Panpsychism', NeuroQuantology 1(1), 4–9.Google Scholar
  31. Squires, E.J.: 1992, 'Explicit Collapse and Superluminal Signaling', Phys. Lett. A 163, 356–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Standish, L.J., L.C. Johnson, T. Richards, and L. Kozak: 2003, EEGEvidence of Correlated Event Related Signals between Distant Human Brains, A Plenary Talk in Quantum Mind 2003 Conference, Tucson.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gao Shan

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations