Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 395–403 | Cite as

Gender Differences in Affective Responses to Sexual Rejection

Article

Abstract

The aim of this study was to answer the following questions: (1) Are affective responses to sexual rejection different for men and women? (2) Do positive emotions to sexual rejection occur and how do they balance with negative emotions? (3) How can gender differences in affective responses to sexual rejection be explained? A sample of 67 men and 65 women (age 18–30 years) completed a questionnaire in which they rated their affective responses to a hypothetical situation of sexual rejection. Analyses of variance revealed gender differences: men anticipated a less negative and more positive affective response to sexual rejection than women did. Men also reported they would experience a more positive than negative affective response after supposedly being sexually rejected. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that differences between men and women were mediated by the respondents' expectations in the stimulus situation, their interest in casual sex, and their masculinity.

gender differences courtship sexual rejection affective responses 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Baumeister, R. F., & Tice, D. M. (2001). The social dimension of sex Boston: Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar
  2. Baumeister, R. F., Wotman, S. R., & Stillwell, A. M. (1993). Unrequited love: On heartbreak, anger, guilt, scriptlessness, and humiliation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 377-394.Google Scholar
  3. Buss, D. M. (1994). The evolution of desire: Strategies of human mating. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  4. Carroll, J. L., Volk, K. D., & Hyde, J. S. (1985 ). Differences between males and females in motives for engaging in sexual intercourse. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 14, 131-139.Google Scholar
  5. Clark, R. D., & Hatfield, E. (1989). Gender differences in receptivity to sexual offers. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 2(1), 39-55.Google Scholar
  6. Donald, M., Lucke, L., Dunne, M., & Raphael, B. (1995). Gender differences associated with young people's emotional reactions to sexual intercourse. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 24, 453-464.Google Scholar
  7. Edgar, T., & Fitzpatrick, M. A. (1993). Expectations for sexual interaction: A cognitive test of the sequencing of sexual communication behaviors. Health Communication, 5, 239-261.Google Scholar
  8. Gagnon, J., & Simon, W. (1973). Sexual conduct: The social sources of human sexuality. Chicago: Aldline.Google Scholar
  9. Guggino, J. M., & Ponzetti, J. J. (1997). Gender differences in affective reactions to first coitus. Journal of Adolescence, 20, 189-200.Google Scholar
  10. Hendrick, S., & Hendrick, C. (1987). Multidimensionality of sexual attitudes. Journal of Sex Research, 23, 502-526.Google Scholar
  11. Hermans, H. J. M. (1974). Waardegebieden en hun ontwikkeling. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Swets & Zeitlinger.Google Scholar
  12. Herold, E. S., & Mewhinney, D. M. K. (1993). Gender differences in casual sex and AIDS prevention: A survey of dating bars. Journal of Sex Research, 30, 36-42.Google Scholar
  13. Hofstede, G. (1991). Cultures and organizations: Software of the mind. London: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
  14. Hofstede, G. (1998). Masculinity and femininity: The taboo dimension of national cultures. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  15. Johnson, K. L., & Edwards, R. (1991). The effects of gender and type of romantic touch on perceptions of relational commitment. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 15, 43-55.Google Scholar
  16. LaPlante, M. N., McCormick, N. B., & Brannigan, G. G. (1980). Living the sexual script: College students' views of influence in sexual encounters. Journal of Sex Research, 16, 338-355.Google Scholar
  17. Leigh, B. C., Aramburu, B., & Norris, J. (1992). The morning after: Gender differences in attributions about alcohol-related sexual encounters. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 22, 343-357.Google Scholar
  18. Metts, S., Cupach, W. R., & Imahori, T. T. (1992). Perceptions of sexual compliance-resisting messages in three types of cross-sex relationships. Western Journal of Communication, 56, 1-17.Google Scholar
  19. Muehlenhard, C. L., & Quackenbush, D. M. (1998). Sexual Double Standard Scale. In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, R. Bausermans, G. Schreer, & S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures (pp. 186-188). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  20. Okami, P., & Shackelford, T. K. (2001). Human sex differences in sexual psychology and behavior. Annual Review of Sex Research, 12, 186-241.Google Scholar
  21. Oliver, M. B., & Hyde, J. S. (1993). Gender differences in sexuality: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 114, 29-51.Google Scholar
  22. O'Sullivan, L. F., & Byers, E. S. (1996). Gender differences in responses to discrepancies in desired level of sexual intimacy. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 8(1/2), 49-67.Google Scholar
  23. Schwartz, I. M. (1998). First Coital Affective Reaction Scale. In C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, R. Bausermans, G. Schreer, & S. L. Davis (Eds.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures (pp. 127-128). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  24. Struckman-Johnson, C., & Struckman-Johnson, D. (1993). College men's and women's reactions to hypothetical sexual touch varied by initiator gender and coercion level. Sex Roles, 29, 371-385.Google Scholar
  25. Townsend, J. M. (1995). Sex without emotional involvement: An evolutionary interpretation of sex differences. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 24, 173-206.Google Scholar
  26. Træen, B., & Clift, S. (2000). A qualitative study of Norwegians' accounts of unpleasant sexual encounters. Scandinavian Journal of Sexology, 3, 50-64.Google Scholar
  27. Widmer, E. D., Treas, J., & Newcomb, R. (1998). Attitudes toward nonmarital sex in 24 countries. Journal of Sex Research, 35, 349-358.Google Scholar
  28. Willemsen, T. M., & Fischer, A. H. (1996). Femininiteit en Masculiniteit in Nederland. De ontwikkeling van de Nederlandse Sekse-Identiteit Vragenlijst (NSIV). Tilburg: Katholieke Universiteit Brabant.Google Scholar
  29. Willemsen, T. M., & Fischer, A. H. (1999). Assessing multiple facets of gender identity: The Gender Identity Questionnaire. Psychological Reports, 84, 561-562.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rutgers Nisso GroupUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral StudiesNew York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia UniversityNew York

Personalised recommendations