Skip to main content
Log in

Feeding Rates, Growth Performance and Gametogenesis of Wreckfish (Polyprion americanus) kept in Captivity

  • Published:
Aquaculture International Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Wreckfish (Polyprion americanus) is a panoceanic, antitropical distributed species. Despite the high market price, high growth rate, good quality flesh and the potential for aquaculture, research data are scarce. In this study, the growth performance and food intake was investigated in juvenile fish, while gametogenesis was studied in adult fish. Three groups were created from 19 individuals, which were collected during neustonic sampling, using fish aggregating devices, in association with floating objects and during tuna fishing with drift nets from Greece (Crete), Italy (Ionian Sea) and the Atlantic coast of France from September 1999 to March 2001. All individuals (initial weight between 0.5 g and 4.5 kg) were reared in aquaculture facilities so as to monitor growth performance and food intake. Food (de-frozen fish – bogue, mackerel and squid – or moist pellets) was delivered ad libitum. Total length and wet weight were measured regularly. Daily food intake, the food conversion index and daily growth rate were calculated. Individuals, aging 0+, grew exceptionally fast, reaching 2.0 kg (total length 50 cm) in 12 months and 5.0 kg (total length 65 cm) in 24, while at later stages, the growth rate decreased and depended on the water temperature during rearing. Food consumption varied during the rearing period according to the developmental stage and the rearing conditions. The food conversion ratio ranged between 0.9 and 2.5 on dry weight basis during the period of the study. Gametogenesis was monitored in a separate stock of 15 individuals (11.7 ± 3.7 kg) by biopsis while blood samples were taken for steroid estimation. Increased oocyte diameter was observed in females from August to January, while plasma estradiol levels also increased from October to March. However, neither egg or sperm were collected from the stock. Young wreckfish presented a high growth rate in captivity, thus supporting the feasibility of the species for rearing. Further research, however, is required for the reproduction of the species.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Anonymous 2001. The state of the European wreckfish (Polyprion americanus) stocks. Report to E.U. DGXIV, 00/16, Brussels 60 pp.

  • Ball A.O., Sedberry G.R., Zatcoff M.S., Chapman R.W. and Carlin J.L. 2000. Population structure of wreckfish Polyprion americanus determined with microsatellite genetic markers. Marine Biology 137: 1077-1090.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brooks D.A. and Bane Jr. J.M. 1978. Gulf stream deflection by a bottom feature off Charleston, South Carolina. Science 201: 1225-1226.

    Google Scholar 

  • Glukhov A.A. and Zaferman M.L. 1982. Observations of the behavior of Polyprion americanus (Serranidae). Journal of Ichthyology 22: 142-143.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kentouri M., Papandroulakis N. and Divanach P. 1995. Species diversification in Greek finfish mariculture. Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes 14: 129-136.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lazzari A., Fusari A., Boglione C., Marino G. and Di Francesco M. 2000. Recent advances in reproductional and rearing aspects of Seriola dumerilii. Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes 47: 241-247.

    Google Scholar 

  • Machias A., Tsimenides N., Kokokiris L. and Divanach P. 1998. Ring formation on otoliths and scales of Pagrus pagrus L. (Sparidae): a comparative study. Journal of Fish Biology 52: 350-361.

    Google Scholar 

  • Machias A., Maraveyia E., Pavlidis M., Somarakis S. and Divanach P. 2002a. Ring formation on scales and otoliths of common dentex (Dentex dentex). Fisheries Research 54: 287-294.

    Google Scholar 

  • Machias A., Somarakis S., Papandroulakis N., Spedicato M.T., Suquet M., Lembo M. and Divanach P. 2002b. Settlement of the wreckfish (Polyprion americanus). Marine Biology (in press).

  • Menni R.C. and Lopez H.L. 1979. Biological data and otolith (Sagitta) morphology of Polyprion americanus and Schedophilus griseolineatus (Osteichthyes, Serranidae and Centrolophidae). Studies Neotropical Fauna and Environment 14: 17-32.

    Google Scholar 

  • Papandroulakis N., Divanach P. and Kentoury M. 1997. Specific diversification in finfish mariculture: the Mediterranean case. Proceeding of the International Conference. Martinique, Special Publication EAS, pp. 223-224.

  • Relini M., Orsi Relini L. and Relini G. 1994. An offshore buoy as a FAD in the Mediterranean. Bulletin of Marine Science 55(2–3): 1099-1105.

    Google Scholar 

  • Roberts C.D. 1989. Reproductive mode in the percomorph fish genus Polyprion Oken. Journal of Fishery Biology 34: 1-9.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sedberry G.R., Ulrich G.F. and Applegate A.J. 1994. Development and status of the fishery for wreckfish (Polyprion americanus) in the southeastern United States. Proceedings of the Gulf Carribbean Fishery Institute 43: 168-192.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sedberry G.R., Carlin J.L., Chapman R.W. and Eleby B. 1996. Population studies in the pan-oceanic wreckfish, Polyprion americanus (Teleostei: Polyprionidae), as indicated by mtDNA variation. Journal of Fishery Biology 49(Supplement A).

  • Sedberry G.R., Carlin J.L. and Menezes G.M. 1998. Movements of a pelagic-phase wreckfish, Polyprion americanus (Schneider 1801), as indicated by tag and recapture. Arquipelago. Life and Marine Sciences 16A: 69-72.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sedberry G.R., Andrade C.A., Carlin J.L., Chapman R.W., Luckhurst B.E., Manooch C.S., Menezes G., Thomsen B. and Ulrich G.F. 1999. Wreckfish Polyprion americanus in the North Atlantic: fisheries, biology, and management of a widely distributed and long-lived fish. American Fishery Society Symposium 23: 27-50.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sokal R.R. and Rohlf F.J. 1981. Biometry. 2nd edn. Freeman and Company, New York, 859 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Spartà A. 1939. Contributo alla conoscenza dello sviluppo nei Percidi. R. Comitato Talasso-grafico Italiano 259: 10.

    Google Scholar 

  • Talbot C., Garcìa-Gómez A., De la Gándara F. and Muraccioli P. 2000. Food intake, growth, and body composition in Mediterranean yellowtail (Seriola dumerilii) fed isonitrogenous diets containing different lipid levels. Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes 47: 259-266.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wyanski D.M. 1994. The reproductive biology of wreckfish, Polyprion americanus, off the southeastern United States. MARMAP contract (no. 50-WCNF-0-06002), 6 pp.

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Papandroulakis, N., Suquet, M., Spedicato, M. et al. Feeding Rates, Growth Performance and Gametogenesis of Wreckfish (Polyprion americanus) kept in Captivity. Aquaculture International 12, 395–407 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:AQUI.0000042133.69455.95

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/B:AQUI.0000042133.69455.95

Navigation