Skip to main content

Effects of Oblique Inflow in Vortex-Induced Vibrations


We investigate the validity of the independence principle for fixed yawed circular cylinders and free yawed circular rigid cylinders subject to vortex-induced vibrations (VIV) at subcritical Reynolds number using direct numerical simulation (DNS). We compare forces on the cylinder and cylinder responses for different angles of yaw and reduced velocities, and investigate the value of the critical angle of yaw. We also present flow visualizations and examine flow structures corresponding to different angles of yaw and reduced velocities.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Atta, C.W.V., Experiments on vortex shedding from yawed circular cylinders. AIAA J. 6(5) (1968) 931–933.

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  2. Bursnall, W. and Lofting, L., Experimental investigation of the pressure distribution about a yawed circular cylinder in the critical Reynolds number range. Technical Report, N.A.C.A. Technical Note No. 2463 (1951).

  3. Evangelinos, C., Parallel simulations of vortex-induced vibrations in turbulent flow: Linear and non-linear models. Ph.D. Thesis, Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University (1999).

  4. Hanson, A.R., Vortex-shedding from yawed cylinders. AIAA J. 4(4) (1966) 738–740.

    Article  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  5. Hoerner, S.F., Fluid-dynamic drag. Practical information on aerodynamic drag and hydrodynamic resistance. Published by the author. Obtainable from ISVA (1965) pp. 3–11.

  6. King, S., Vortex excited oscillations of yawed circular cylinders. ASME, J. Fluids Engrg. 99 (1977) 495–502.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Kirby, R.M., Warburton, T.C., Sherwin, S.J., Beskok, A. and Karniadakis, G.E., The NεKTαr code: Dynamic simulations without remeshing. In: Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Computational Technologies for Fluid/Thermal/Chemical Systems with Industrial Applications (1999).

  8. Koopman, G.H., Wind-induced vibrations of skewed circular cylinders. Technical Report 70–11, The Catholic University of America (1970).

  9. Kozakiewicz, A., Fredsøe, J. and Sumer, B., Forces on Pipelines in Oblique Attack: Steady Current and Waves, Vol. II. The Hague, Netherlands, (1995) pp. 174–183.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Newman, D., A computational study of fluid/structure interactions: flow-induced vibrations of a flexible cable. Ph.D. Thesis, Princeton University (1996).

  11. Newman, D. and Karniadakis, G., Simulations of flow past a freely vibrating cable. J. Fluid Mech. 344 (1997) 95–136.

    Article  MATH  ADS  Google Scholar 

  12. Ramberg, S.E., The effects of yaw and finite length upon the vortex wakes of stationary and vibrating circular cylinders. J. Fluid Mech. 128 (1983) 81–107.

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  13. Schlichting, H., Boundary-Layer Theory. McGraw-Hill, New York (1979).

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  14. Snarski, S. and Jordan, S., Fluctuating wall pressure on a circular cylinder in cross flow and the effect of angle of incidence. In: Proceedings of 2001 ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, New Orleans, LA. ASME, New York (2001).

    Google Scholar 

  15. Surry, J. and Surry, D., The effect of inclination on the Strouhal number and other wake properties of circular cylinders at subcritical Reynolds numbers. Technical Report, UTIAS Technical note No. 116, Institute for Aerospace Studies, University of Toronto (1967).

  16. Thomson, K. and Morrison, D., The spacing, position and strength of vortices in the wake of slender cylindrical bodies at large incidence. J. Fluid Mech. 50 (1971) 751–783.

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  17. Warburton, T. and Karniadakis, G., Spectral simulation of flow past a cylinder close to a free surface. In: Proceedings of the Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, Vancouver (1997).

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to George Em Karniadakis.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Lucor, D., Karniadakis, G.E. Effects of Oblique Inflow in Vortex-Induced Vibrations. Flow, Turbulence and Combustion 71, 375–389 (2003).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: