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Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 19–33 | Cite as

Yogic Versus Conventional Treatment in Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Randomized Control Study

  • Indu Taneja
  • K. K. DeepakEmail author
  • G. Poojary
  • I. N. Acharya
  • R. M. Pandey
  • M. P. Sharma
Article

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the comparative effect of yogic and conventional treatment in diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in a randomized control design. The patients were 22 males, aged 20–50 years, with confirmed diagnosis of diarrhea-predominant IBS. The conventional group (n=12, 1 dropout) was given symptomatic treatment with loperamide 2–6 mg/day for 2 months, and the yogic intervention group (n=9) consisted of a set of 12 asanas (yogic poses, i.e., Vajrasana, Shashankasana, Ushtrasana, Marjariasana, Padhastasana, Dhanurasana, Trikonasana in two variations, Pawanmuktasana, and Paschimottanasana) along with Surya Nadi pranayama (right-nostril breathing) two times a day for 2 months. All participants were tested at three regular intervals, at the start of study—0 month, 1 month, and 2 months of receiving the intervention—and were investigated for bowel symptoms, autonomic symptoms, autonomic reactivity (battery of five standard tests), surface electrogastrography, anxiety profile by Spielberger's Self Evaluation Questionnaire, which evaluated trait and state anxiety. Two months of both conventional and yogic intervention showed a significant decrease of bowel symptoms and state anxiety. This was accompanied by an increase in electrophysiologically recorded gastric activity in the conventional intervention group and enhanced parasympathetic reactivity, as measured by heart rate parameters, in yogic intervention group. The study indicates a beneficial effect of yogic intervention over conventional treatment in diarrhea-predominant IBS.

diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome yogic intervention autonomic functions bowel symptoms electrogastrography 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Indu Taneja
    • 1
  • K. K. Deepak
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. Poojary
    • 1
  • I. N. Acharya
    • 2
  • R. M. Pandey
    • 3
  • M. P. Sharma
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Central Council of Research in Yoga and NaturopathyAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of BiostatisticsAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Department of GastroenterologyAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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