Empowerment research has generally been limited to the individual level of analysis. Efforts to study empowerment beyond the individual require conceptual frameworks suggesting attributes that define the construct and guide its measurement. This paper presents an initial attempt to describe the nomological network of empowerment at the organizational level of analysis—organizational empowerment (OE). Intraorganizational, interorganizational, and extraorganizational components of OE are described. Implications for empowerment theory and practice are discussed.
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Peterson, N.A., Zimmerman, M.A. Beyond the Individual: Toward a Nomological Network of Organizational Empowerment. Am J Community Psychol 34, 129–145 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:AJCP.0000040151.77047.58