Skip to main content

Quantitative trends in annual totals of five common airborne pollen types (Betula, Quercus, Poaceae, Urtica, and Artemisia), at five pollen-monitoring stations in western Europe

Abstract

The existence of long-term (20–33 years) trendsin the annual totals of daily airborne pollenconcentrations of five common and/or allergenicwind pollinating taxa was evaluated at fivepollen-monitoring stations in western Europe:Delmenhorst (D), Helmond (NL), Brussels (B),Leiden (NL), and Derby (UK). At all stations,identical or comparable volumetric traps wereused to sample pollen from the air. For grasspollen no increasing or decreasing trends werefound at any station. Trends for birch pollenand oak pollen are increasing, but notsignificant at the stations with the higherannual totals (Delmenhorst and Helmond),probably due to strong year-to-yearfluctuations. At all five stations significantincreasing trends for stinging nettle pollenwere observed. Trends for mugwort pollen aresignificant at all stations, but in differentdirections. Longer periods of observations areneeded to arrive to more definitive conclusionsabout trends in airborne pollenconcentrations.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Atkinson H. and Larson K.A.: 1990, A 10-year record of the arboreal airborne pollen in Stockholm, Sweden. Grana 29, 229–237.

    Google Scholar 

  2. British Aerobiology Federation (B.A.F.): 1995, A Guide to Trapping and Counting.

  3. Brown H. Morrow and Jackson F.A.: 1978, Aerobiological studies based in Derby. I. A simplified automatic volumetric spore trap. Clin. Exp. Allergy 8, 589–597.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Corden J.M. and Millington W.M.: 1991, A study of Gramineae and Urticaceae pollen in the Derby area. Aerobiologia 7, 100–106.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Corden J.M. and Millington M.: 1999, A study of Quercus pollen in the Derby area, UK. Aerobiologia 15, 29–37.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Corden J., Millington W., Bailey J., Brookes M., Caulton E., Emberlin J., Mullins J., Simpson C. and Wood A.: 2000, UK regional variations in Betula pollen (1993–1997). Aerobiologia 16, 227–232.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Corden J.M., Stach A. and Millington W.M.: 2002, A comparison of Betula pollen seasons at two European sites; Derby, United Kingdom and Poznan, Poland (1995–1999). Aerobiologia 18, 45–53.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Crane J., Wickens K., Beasley R. and Fitzharris P.: 2002, Asthma and allergy: a worldwide problem of meanings and management? Allergy 57, 663–672.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Dahl A. and Strandhede S.-O.: 1996, Predicting the intensity of the birch pollen season. Aerobiologia 12, 97–106.

    Google Scholar 

  10. D'Amato G., Spieksma F.Th.M., Liccardi G., Jäger S., Russo M., Kontou-Fili K., Nikkels H., Wüthrich B. and Bonini S.: 1998, Pollen-related allergy in Europe. Allergy 53, 567–578.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Detandt M. and Nolard N.: 2000, The fluctuations of the allergenic pollen content of the air in Brussels. Aerobiologia 16, 55–61.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Emberlin J.: 1994, The effects of patterns in climate and pollen abundance on allergy. Allergy 49, 15–20.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Emberlin J., Jäger S., Dominguez-Vilches E., Galan Soldevilla C., Hodal L., Mandrioli P., Rantio-Lehtimäki A., Savage M., Spieksma F.Th.M. and Bartlett C.: 2000, Temporal and geographical variations in grass pollen seasons in areas of western Europe: an analysis of season dates at sites of the European pollen information system. Aerobiologia 16, 373–379.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Emberlin J., Jones S., Bailey J., Caulton E., Corden J., Dubbels S., Evans J., McDonagh N., Millington W., Mullins J., Russel R. and Spencer T.: 1994, Variation in the start of the grass pollen season at selected sites in the United Kingdom, 1987–1992. Grana 33, 94–99.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Emberlin J., Mullins J., Corden J., Brooke M., Savage M. and Jones S.: 1997, The trend to earlier Birch pollen seasons in the UK: a biotic response to changes in weather conditions? Grana 36, 29–33.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Emberlin J., Mullins J., Corden J., Jones S., Millington W., Brooke M. and Savage M.: 1999, Regional variations in grass pollen seasons in the UK, long-term trends and forecast models. Clin. Exp. Allergy 29, 347–356.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Emberlin J., Savage M. and Jones S.: 1993, Annual variations in grass pollen seasons in London 1961–1990: trends and forecast models. Clin. Exp. Allergy 23, 911–918.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Emberlin J., Savage M. and Woodman R.: 1993, Annual variations in the concentrations of Betula pollen in the London area, 1961– 1990. Grana 32, 359–363.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Frei Th.: 1998, The effect of climate change in Switzerland 1969– 1996 on airborne pollen quantities from hazel, birch and grass. Grana 37, 172–179.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Hicks S., Helander M. and Heino S.: 1994, Birch pollen production, transport and deposition for the period 1984–1993 at Kevo, northernmost Finland. Aerobiologia 10, 183–191.

    Google Scholar 

  21. International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC): 1998,Worldwide variation in prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and atopic eczema. Lancet 351, 1225–1232.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Jäger S., Nilsson S., Berggren B., Pessi A.-M., Helander M. and Ramfjord H.: 1996, Trends of some airborne tree pollen in the Nordic countries and Austria, 1980–1993. Grana 35, 171–178.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Jäger S., Spieksma F.Th.M. and Nolard N.: 1991, Fluctuations and trends in airborne concentrations of some abundant pollen types, monitored at Vienna, Leiden, and Brussels. Grana 30, 309–312.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Käpylä M. and Penttinen A.: 1981, An evaluation of the microscopical counting methods of the tape in Hirst-Burkard pollen and spore trap. Grana 20, 131–141.

    Google Scholar 

  25. Latalowa M., Mietus M. and Uruska A.: 2002, Seasonal variations in the atmospheric Betula pollen count in Gdansk (southern Baltic coast) in relation to meteorological parameters. Aerobiologia 18, 33–43.

    Google Scholar 

  26. Leuschner R.M.: 1974, Luftpollenbestimmung in Basel während der Jahre 1969 und 1970. Verh. Naturforsch. Ges. Basel 84, 521–626.

    Google Scholar 

  27. Menzel A.: 2000, Trends in phenological phases in Europe between 1951 and 1996. Int. J. Biometeorol. 44, 76–81.

    Google Scholar 

  28. Rasmussen A.: 2002, The effects of climate change on the birch pollen season in Denmark. Aerobiologia 18, 253–265.

    Google Scholar 

  29. Spieksma F.Th.M.: 1991, Regional European pollen calendars. In: G. D'Amato, F.Th.M. Spieksma and S. Bonini (eds), Allergenic Pollen and Pollinosis in Europe. Blackwell: Oxford, pp. 49–65.

    Google Scholar 

  30. Spieksma F.Th.M., Emberlin J.C., Hjelmroos M., Jäger S. and Leuschner R.M.: 1995, Atmospheric birch (Betula) pollen in Europe: trends and fluctuations in annual quantities and the starting dates of the season. Grana 34, 51–57.

    Google Scholar 

  31. Spieksma F.Th.M. and Nikkels A.H.: 1998, Airborne grass pollen in Leiden, The Netherlands: annual variations and trends in quantities and season starts over 26 years. Aerobiologia 14, 347–358.

    Google Scholar 

  32. Spieksma F.Th.M., van Noort P. and Nikkels H.: 2000, Influence of nearby stands of Artemisia on street-level versus roof-top-level ratio's of airborne pollen quantities. Aerobiologia 16, 21–24.

    Google Scholar 

  33. Spieksma F.Th.M. and von Wahl P.-G.: 1991, Allergenic signifi-cance of Artemisia (mugwort) pollen. In: G. D'Amato, F.Th.M. Spieksma and S. Bonini (eds), Allergenic Pollen and Pollinosis in Europe. Blackwell: Oxford, pp. 121–124.

    Google Scholar 

  34. Willems A.J.W.P., Trepels J.J., van Duijnhoven J.L.P. and Schoenmakers C.H.H.: 2000, Correlation of 25 years of pollencounts (1975–1999) from Betula, Poaceae, Urtica and Artemisia with the local meteorological parameters temperature and rain. Second European Symposium on Aerobiology, Vienna, Austria, abstr. P206, pp. 70–71.

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to F.Th.M. Spieksma.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Spieksma, F., Corden, J., Detandt, M. et al. Quantitative trends in annual totals of five common airborne pollen types (Betula, Quercus, Poaceae, Urtica, and Artemisia), at five pollen-monitoring stations in western Europe. Aerobiologia 19, 171–184 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:AERO.0000006528.37447.15

Download citation

  • aerobiology
  • airborne pollen
  • annual totals
  • trends
  • western Europe