Micropropagation of Achillea filipendulina cv. ‘Parker’
- 142 Downloads
Achillea filipendulina (family Asteraceae) is widespread throughout temperate North America. In order to clean stock plants from endemic fungal and bacterial contaminations a method for large-scale propagation of A. filipendulina through meristem culture was sought and found and is described in this paper. The best conditions for propagating A. filipendulina was found to be MS (Murashige and Skoog) salt medium supplemented with 3% sucrose and 1 mg l−1 IAA (indole-3-acetic acid) plus 2 mg l−1 BA (6-benzyladenine) under 16 h of cool fluorescent light. Rooted plants were successfully acclimatized within a short time after propagating on this medium. The propagation via tissue culture did not affect plant's presentation. The use of clean stock plants made it possible to increased Israeli production of Achillea from about 150,000 stems a year to about 1,300,000 stems a year.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Armitage AM (1987) Achillea, a common perennial offers uncommonly attractive characteristics. Am. Nurseryman. Chicago, Ill.: American Nurseryman Publishing Co., October 1, Vol. 166: 94–99Google Scholar
- Armitage AM (1992) Field studies of Achillea as a cut flower: longevity, spacing, and cultivar response. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 117: 65–67Google Scholar
- Larson RA (1993) Introduction to Floriculture. 2nd edn. pp. 165–166Google Scholar
- Murashige T & Skoog F (1962) A medium for rapid growth and bio-assay with tobacco tissue culture. Physiol. Plant 15: 437–497Google Scholar
- Starman TW, Cerny TA & MacKenzie AJ (1995) Productivity and profitability of some field-grown specialty cut flowers. HortScience 30: 1217–1220Google Scholar
- Swamy SL, Puri S & Singh AK (2002) Effect of auxins (IBA and NAA) and season on rooting of juvenile and mature hard-wood cuttings of Robinia pseudoacacia and Grewia optiva. New Forests 23: 143–157Google Scholar
- Zhang D, Armitage AM, Affolter JM & Dirr MA (1996) Environmental control of flowering and growth of Achillea millefolium L. 'Summer Pastels'. HortScience 31: 364–365Google Scholar
- Zoberi G, Carmi S, Evenor D, Shlomo E & Reuveni M (2003) Rooted cuttings of Achillea filipendulina cv. 'Parker' will flower without vernalization. J. Hort. Sci. Biotech. 78: 100–103Google Scholar