Sex Roles

, Volume 50, Issue 7–8, pp 575–582 | Cite as

The Relation Between Chosen Role Models and the Self-Esteem of Men and Women

  • Kathryn E. Wohlford
  • John E. LochmanEmail author
  • Tammy D. Barry


This study was designed to investigate choice of role models and levels of self-esteem within a sample of college students (N = 120). Participants rated themselves and their chosen role models on 29 character traits, which allowed determination of the self-perceived likeness of the participant to their role models (difference score). The difference score was then correlated with four subtypes of self-esteem. As predicted, participants chose more same-sex than other-sex role models; women were more likely than men to choose other-sex role models. The results indicated that choice of same-sex, as opposed to other-sex role models, is not indicative of higher levels of self-esteem in general. However, self-perceived likeness of role model to participant is significantly related to self-esteem, particularly for women.

self-esteem role models similarity to role models 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathryn E. Wohlford
    • 1
  • John E. Lochman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tammy D. Barry
    • 2
  1. 1.The University of AlabamaTusacaloosa
  2. 2.Texas A&M UniversityCollege Station

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