Miscanthus for Renewable Energy Generation: European Union Experience and Projections for Illinois

  • Emily A. Heaton
  • Stephen P. Long
  • Thomas B. Voigt
  • Michael B. Jones
  • John Clifton-Brown
Article

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anonymous: 1997, Renewable Energy: White Paper Laying Down a Community Strategy and Action Plan, European Commission.Google Scholar
  2. Beale, C.V. and Long, S.P.: 1995, 'Can perennial C4 grasses attain high efficiencies of radiant energy conversion in cool climates?' Plant, Cell & Envir. 18(6), 641–650.Google Scholar
  3. Beale, C.V. and Long, S.P.: 1997, 'Seasonal dynamics of nutrient accumulation and partitioning in the perennial C-4-grasses Miscanthus× Giganteusand Spartina Cynosuroides', Biomass & Bioenergy 12(6), 419–428.Google Scholar
  4. Beale, C.V., Morison, J.I. and Long, S.P.: 1999, 'Water use efficiency of C4 perennial grasses in a temperate climate', Agric. Forest Meteor. 96(1-3), 103–115.Google Scholar
  5. Beuch, S., Boelcke, B. and Belau, L.: 2000, 'Effect of the organic residues of Miscanthus× Giganteuson the soil organic matter level of arable soils', J. Agron. & Crop Sci. 184(2), 111–119.Google Scholar
  6. Bullard, M.: 2001, 'Economics of Miscanthus production', in M.B. Jones and M. Walsh (eds.), Miscanthus for Energy and Fibre, London, James & James, pp. 155–171.Google Scholar
  7. Bullard, M.J.: 1996, 'Planting and harvesting Miscanthus Giganteus', Landwards 51(2), 17–19.Google Scholar
  8. Calzoni, J., Caspersen, N., Dercas, N., Gaillard, G., Gosse, G., Hanegraaf, M., Heinzer, L., Jungk, N., Kool, A., Korsuize, G., Lechner, M., Leviel, B., Neumayr, R., Nielsen, A.M., Nielsen, P.H., Nikolaou, A., Panoutsou, C., Panvini, A., Patyk, A., Rathbauer, J., Reinhardt, G.A., Riva, G., Smedile, E., Stettler, C., Pedersen Weidema, B., Worgetter, M. and Van Zeijts, H.: 2000, Bioenergy for Europe: Which Ones Fit Best?, The European Commission.Google Scholar
  9. Christian, D.G. and Haase, E.: 2001, 'Agronomy of Miscanthus', in M.B. Jones and M.Walsh (eds.), Miscanthus for Energy and Fibre, London, James & James.Google Scholar
  10. Clifton-Brown, J.C. and Jones, M.B.: 1997, 'The thermal response of leaf extension rate in genotypes of the C-grass Miscanthus: An important factor in determining the potential productivity of different genotypes', J. Exper. Bot. 48(313), 1573–1581.Google Scholar
  11. Clifton-Brown, J.C. and Lewandowski, I.: 2000, 'Overwintering problems of newly established Miscanthus plantations can be overcome by identifying genotypes with improved rhizome cold tolerance', New Phytol. 148(2), 287–294.Google Scholar
  12. Clifton-Brown, J.C. and Lewandowski, I.: 2000, 'Overwintering problems of newly established Miscanthus plantations can be overcome by identifying genotypes with improved rhizome cold tolerance', New Phytol. 148(2), 287–294.Google Scholar
  13. Clifton-Brown, J.C. and Lewandowski, I.: 2002, 'Screening Miscanthus genotypes in field trials to optimise biomass yield and quality in Southern Germany', Eur. J. Agron. 16(2), 97–110.Google Scholar
  14. Clifton-Brown, J.C., Lewandowski, I., Andersson, B., Basch, G., Christian, D.G., Kjeldsen, J.B., Jorgensen, U., Mortensen, J.V., Riche, A.B., Schwarz, K.U., Tayebi, K. and Teixeira, F.: 2001a, 'Performance of 15 Miscanthus genotypes at five sites in Europe', Agronomy J. 93(5), 1013–1019.Google Scholar
  15. Clifton-Brown, J.C., Lewandowski, I., Stampfl, P. and Jones, M.B.: 2002, 'Modelled biomass production potential of Miscanthus and actual harvestable yield as influenced by harvest time', in 12th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  16. Clifton-Brown, J.C., Long, S.P. and Jorgensen, U.: 2001b, 'Miscanthus productivity', in M.B. Jones and M. Walsh (eds.), Miscanthus for Energy and Fibre, London, James & James, pp. 46–67.Google Scholar
  17. Clifton-Brown, J.C., Neilson, B., Lewandowski, I. and Jones, M.B.: 2000, 'The modelled productivity of Miscanthus× Giganteus(Greef Et Deu) in Ireland', Industrial Crops and Products 12(2), 97–109.Google Scholar
  18. Ehleringer, J.R., Cerling, T.E. and Helliker, B.R.: 1997, 'C-4 photosynthesis, atmospheric Co2 and climate', Oecologia 112(3), 285–299.Google Scholar
  19. Ehleringer, J.R. and Monson, R.K.: 1993, 'Evolutionary and ecological aspects of photosynthetic pathway variation', Ann. Rev. Ecol. & Syst. 24, 411–439.Google Scholar
  20. Eia: 2001, State Electricity Profiles, Energy Information Administration, United States Department of Energy.Google Scholar
  21. Eia: 2002, State Electricity Profiles, Energy Information Administration, United States Department of Energy.Google Scholar
  22. El Bassam, N. and Huisman, W.: 2001, 'Harvesting and storage of Miscanthus', in M.B. Jones and M. Walsh (eds.), Miscanthus for Energy and Fibre, London, James & James.Google Scholar
  23. European Commission: 1997, Renewable Energy: White Paper Laying Down a Community Strategy and Action Plan, European Commission.Google Scholar
  24. European-Parliament: 2001, 'Directive 2001/77/Ec of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 September 2001 on the Promotion of Electricity Produced for Renewable Energy Sources in the Internal Electricity Market', Official Journal of the Europe an Communities27.10.2001, L 283/33.Google Scholar
  25. Francl, T.: 2001, High Natural Gas Prices Are Choking Nitrogen Fertilizer Production, American Farm Bureau Federation.Google Scholar
  26. Giuliano, W.M. and Daves, S.E.: 2002, 'Avian response to warm-season grass use in pasture and hayfield management,' Biol. Conserv. 106(1), 1–9.Google Scholar
  27. Greef, J.M. and Deuter, M.: 1993, 'Syntaxonomy of Miscanthus× GiganteusGreef Et Deu', Angewandte Botanik 67(3-4), 87–90.Google Scholar
  28. Greef, J.M., Deuter, M., Jung, C. and Schondelmaier, J.: 1997, 'Genetic diversity of European Miscanthus species revealed by Aflp fingerprinting', Genet. Res. Crop Evol. 44(2), 185–195.Google Scholar
  29. Hewson, J. 2001, 'Elean-the Uk's first straw fired power station', in M.J. Bullard, D.G. Christian, J.D. Knight, M.A. Lainsbury and S.R. Parker (eds.), Biomass and Energy Crops II, University of York, Association of Applied Biologists.Google Scholar
  30. Hodkinson, T.R., Chase, M.W. and Renvoize, S.A.: 2002a, 'Characterization of a genetic resource collection for Miscanthus(Saccharinae, Andropogoneae, Poaceae) using Aflp and Issr Pcr', Ann. Botany 89627–636.Google Scholar
  31. Hodkinson, T.R., Chase, M.W., Takahashi, C., Leitch, I., Bennett, M. and Renvoize, S.A.: 2002b, 'The use of DNA sequencing (Its and Trnl-F), Aflp and fluorescent in situhybridization to study allopolyploid Miscanthus(Poaceae)', Amer. J. Botany 89(2), 279–286.Google Scholar
  32. Hodkinson, T.R. and Renvoize, S.A.: 2001, 'Nomenclature of Miscanthus× Giganteus(Poaceae)', Kew Bull. 56, 759–760.Google Scholar
  33. Hoeft, R.G., Nafziger, E.D., Johnson, R.R. and Aldrich, S.R.: 2000. Modern Corn and Soybean Production, Champaign, IL, MCSP Publications, 353 pp.Google Scholar
  34. Hopkins, A.A., Vogel, K.P., Moore, K.J., Johnson, K.D. and Carlson, I.T.: 1995, 'Genotype effects and genotype by environment interactions for traits of elite switchgrass populations', Crop Sci. 35(1), 125–132.Google Scholar
  35. Hughes, E.: 2000, 'Biomass cofiring: Economics, policy and opportunities', Biomass & Bioenergy 19, 457–465.Google Scholar
  36. Huisman, W., Venturi, P. and Molenaar, J.: 1997, 'Costs of supply chains of Miscanthus Giganteus', Ind. Crop. Prod. 6(3/4), 353–366.Google Scholar
  37. Hulsbergen, K.J., Feil, B., Biermann, S., Rathke, G.W., Kalk, W.D. and Diepenbrock, W.: 2001, 'A method of energy balancing in crop production and its application in a long-term fertilizer trial', Agric. Ecosyst. & Envir. 86(3), 303–321.Google Scholar
  38. Illinois Climate Network, W.A.A.R.M.P.: 2003, Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL.Google Scholar
  39. Ipcc: 2001, Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Ipcc), Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 693 pp.Google Scholar
  40. Jones, M.B. and Walsh, M.: 2001, Miscanthus for Energy and Fibre, London, James & James Ltd.Google Scholar
  41. Jorgensen, U.: 1997, 'Genotypic variation in dry matter accumulation and content of N, K and Cl in Miscanthus in Denmark', Biomass & Bioenergy 12(3), 155–169.Google Scholar
  42. Jorgensen, U. and Muhs, H.-J.: 2001, 'Miscanthus breeding and improvement', in M.B. Jones and M. Walsh (eds.), Miscanthus for Energy and Fibre, London, James & James.Google Scholar
  43. Jorgensen, U. and Sander, B.: 1997, 'Biomass requirements for power production: How to optimise the quality by agricultural management', Biomass & Bioenergy 12(3), 145–147.Google Scholar
  44. Jorgensen, U. and Schwarz, K.U.: 2000, 'Why do basic research? A lesson from commercial exploitation of Miscanthus', New Phytol. 148(2), 190–193.Google Scholar
  45. Kahle, P., Belau, L. and Boelcke, B.: 2002, 'Effects of 10 years of Miscanthus cultivation on different properties of mineral soil in North-East Germany', Institut fur Bodenkunde und Pflanzenernahrung 188, 430.Google Scholar
  46. Kahle, P., Beuch, S., Boelcke, B., Leinweber, P. and Schulten, H.R.: 2001, 'Cropping of Miscanthus in Central Europe: Biomass and influence on nutrients and soil organic matter', Eur. J. Agron. 15, 171–194.Google Scholar
  47. Lewandowski, I., Clifton-Brown, J.C., Andersson, B., Basch, G., Christian, D.G., U., J., Jones, M.B., Riche, A.B., Schwarz, K.-U., Tayebi, K. and Teixeira, F.: 2003, 'Environment and harvest time affects the combustion qualities ofMiscanthus genotypes', Agronomy Journal 95(5), 1274–1280.Google Scholar
  48. Lewandowski, I., Clifton-Brown, J.C., Scurlock, J.M.O. and Huisman, W.: 2000, 'Miscanthus: European experience with a novel energy crop', Biomass & Bioenergy 19(4), 209–227.Google Scholar
  49. Lewandowski, I. and Kicherer, A.: 1997, 'Combustion quality of biomass: Practical relevance and experiments to modify the biomass quality of Miscanthus× Giganteus', Eur. J. Agron. 6(3-4), 163–177.Google Scholar
  50. Linde Laursen, I.: 1993, 'Cytogenetic analysis of Miscanthus 'Giganteus', an interspecific hybrid', Hereditas 119(3), 297–300.Google Scholar
  51. Long, S.P.: 1983, 'C-4 photosynthesis at low-temperatures', Plant Cell and Envir. 6(4), 345–363.Google Scholar
  52. Long, S.P.: 1994, 'The application of physiological and molecular understanding of the effects of the environment on photosynthesis in the selection of novel 'Fuel' crops; with particular reference to C4 perennials', in P.C. Struick, W. Vredenberg, J.A. Renkema and J.E. Parlevet (eds.), Plant Production on the Threshold of a New Century-Congress of the 75th Anniversary of Wageningen Agricultural University, Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic, pp. 231–244.Google Scholar
  53. Long, S.P.: 1999, 'Environmental responses', in R. Sage and R.K. Monson (eds.), C4 Plant Biology, Kluwer Academic Press, pp. 215–242.Google Scholar
  54. Ma, Z., Wood, C.W. and Bransby, D.I.: 2000, 'Soil management impacts on soil carbon sequestration by switchgrass', Biomass & Bioenergy 18(6), 469–477.Google Scholar
  55. Madakadze, I.C., Coulman, B.E., Mcelroy, A.R., Stewart, K.A. and Smith, D.L.: 1998, 'Evaluation of selected warm-season grasses for biomass production in areas with a short growing season', Bioresource Technol. 65(1-2), 1–12.Google Scholar
  56. Madakadze, I.C., Stewart, K., Peterson, P.R., Coulman, B.E. and Smith, D.L.: 1999, 'Switchgrass biomass and chemical composition for biofuel in Eastern Canada', Agronomy J. 91(4), 696–701.Google Scholar
  57. McKendry, P.: 2002, 'Energy production from biomass (Part 1): Overview of biomass', Bioresource Technol. 83(1), 37–46.Google Scholar
  58. Mclaughlin, S.B.: 1992, 'New switchgrass biofuels research program for the Southeast', in Proc. Ann. Auto. Tech. Dev. Contr. Mtng, Deerborn, Michigan, pp. 111–115.Google Scholar
  59. Mclaughlin, S.B., De La Torre Ugarte, D.G., Garten, C.T., Lynd, L.R., Sanderson, M.A., Tolbert, V.R. and Wolf, D.D.: 2002, 'High-value renewable energy from prairie grasses', Envir. Sci. & Technol. 36(10), 2122–2129.Google Scholar
  60. Mclaughlin, S.B. and Walsh, M.E.: 1998, 'Evaluating environmental consequences of producing herbaceous crops for bioenergy', Biomass & Bioenergy 14(4), 317–324.Google Scholar
  61. Natural Resources Conservation Service, S.S.D.: 2001, Official Soil Series Descriptions, United States Department of Agriculture.Google Scholar
  62. Nixon, P.M.I., Boocock, H. and Bullard, M.J. 2001, 'An evaluation of planting options for Miscanthus', in M.J. Bullard, D.G. Christian, J.D. Knight, M.A. Lainsbury and S.R. Parker (eds.), Biomass and Energy Crops II.Google Scholar
  63. Paine, L.K., Peterson, T.L., Undersander, D.J., Rineer, K.C., Bartelt, G.A., Temple, S.A., Sample, D.W. and Klemme, R.M.: 1996, 'Some ecological and socio-economic considerations for biomass energy crop production', Biomass & Bioenergy 10(4), 231–242.Google Scholar
  64. Santos, O.J.F.: 2001, 'Environmental aspects ofMiscanthus production', inM.B. Jones and M.Walsh (eds.), Miscanthus for Energy and Fibre, London, James & James.Google Scholar
  65. Scally, L., Hodkinson, T.R. and Jones, M.B.: 2001, 'Origins and taxonomy of Miscanthus', in M.B. Jones and M. Walsh (eds.), Miscanthus for Energy and Fibre, London, James & James.Google Scholar
  66. Sims, R.E.H. 2001, 'Bioenergy opportunities for climate change mitigation', in M.J. Bullard, D.G. Christian, J.D. Knight, M.A. Lainsbury and S.R. Parker (eds.), Biomass and Energy Crops II, York, The Association of Applied Biologists.Google Scholar
  67. Ulgiati, S.: 2001, 'A comprehensive energy and economic assessment of biofuels: When 'green' is not enough', Crit. Rev. Plant Sci. 20(1), 71–106.Google Scholar
  68. Venendaal, R., Jorgensen, U. and Foster, C.A.: 1997, 'European energy crops: A synthesis', Biomass & Bioenergy 13, 147–185.Google Scholar
  69. Visser, P. and Pignatelli, V.: 2001, 'Utilisation of Miscanthus', in M.B. Jones and M. Walsh (eds.), Miscanthus for Energy and Fibre, London, James & James.Google Scholar
  70. Zan, C.S., Fyles, J.W., Girouard, P. and Samson, R.A.: 2001, 'Carbon sequestration in perennial bioenergy, annual corn and uncultivated systems in Southern Quebec', Agric. Ecosyst. & Envir. 86(2), 135–144.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emily A. Heaton
    • 1
  • Stephen P. Long
    • 1
  • Thomas B. Voigt
    • 1
  • Michael B. Jones
    • 2
  • John Clifton-Brown
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Botany, Trinity CollegeUniversity of DublinUSA
  2. 2.Natural Resources and Environmental SciencesUniversity of IllinoisUSA

Personalised recommendations