Advertisement

Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 34, Issue 6, pp 607–615 | Cite as

Silver Electrodeposition from AgNO3 Solutions Containing Organic Additives: Electrodeposition from Binary Water–Methanol Solvent Systems in the Presence of Tartaric Acid

  • G.M. Zarkadas
  • A. Stergiou
  • G. PapanastasiouEmail author
Article

Abstract

The electrodeposition of silver at 25 °C from AgNO3/tartaric acid solutions in binary water–methanol solvent systems was investigated. This study shows that it is possible to obtain compact and coherent silver deposits from AgNO3 solutions only in the presence of tartaric acid (H2A). The relevant chemical entity controlling growth inhibition is a neutral associate Ag(HA) formed in the solution between Ag+ and tartaric monoanions HA. Most of the structural features of Ag deposits such as grain size, surface roughness and degree of the preferred orientation 〈1 1 0〉, depend on the concentration of this associate. These properties of the deposits can easily be controlled by:(a) modifying the concentration of AgNO3 or H2A, (b) adjusting the pH of the bulk solution by addition of HNO3 and (c) modifying the composition of the mixed solvent system.

additives binary solvent systems electrodeposition of silver silver electroplates tartaric acid 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    B.M. Luce and G. Foulke, in F.A. Lowenheim (Ed), ‘Modern Electroplating’ (J. Wiley & Sons, New York, 3rd edn, 1974), p. 358.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    I. Krastev, A. Zielonka, S. Nakabayashi and K. Inokuma, J. Appl. Electrochem. 31 (2001) 1041.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Amblard, M. Froment, K. Georgoulis and G. Papanastasiou, Surf. Technol. 6 (1978) 409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Papanastasiou, D. Jannakoudakis, J. Amblard and M. Froment, J. Appl. Electrochem. 15 (1985) 71.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G.M. Zarkadas, A. Stergiou and G. Papanastasiou, J. Appl. Electrochem. 31 (2001) 1251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J.C. Evenepoel and R. Winand, Rev. ATB Met. 10 (1970) 132.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. Digard, G. Maurin and J. Robert, Met. Corros. Ind. 611 (1976) 255.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. Digard, G. Maurin and J. Robert, Met. Corros. Ind. 613 (1976) 320.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Froment, G. Maurin, J. Vereecken and R. Wiart, C. R. Acad. Sci. France 271 (1970) 253.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Vereecken and R. Winand, ATB Métallurgie 10 (1970) 147.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    G. Fuseya and K. Murata, Trans. Am. Electrochem. Soc. L(1) (1926) 235.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Vereecken and R. Winand, J. Electrochem. Soc. 123 (1976) 643.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A.T. Dimitrov, S. Hadzi Jordanou, K.I. Popov, M.G. Pavlovich and V. Radmilovich, J. Appl. Electrochem. 28 (1998) 791.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    K.I. Popov, M.G. Pavlovich, B.N. Grgur, A.T. Dimitrov and S. Hadzi Jordanou, J. Appl. Electrochem. 28 (1998) 797.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    F.C. Mathers and J.R. Kuebler, Trans. Am. Electrochem. Soc. 29 (1916) 417.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    V.F. Vladmirova, Sb. Nauchn. Soobshch. Dagest. Gos. Univ., Kafedra Khim. No. 5 (1969) 55.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    E. Michailova and A. Milchev, J. Appl. Electrochem. 21 (1991) 170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    F. Rived, M. Rosés and E. Bosh, Anal. Chim. Acta 374 (1998) 309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D.D. Perrin, L.F. Armagero and D.R. Perrin, ‘Purification of Laboratory Chemicals’ (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1966), p. 199.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    G. Papanastasiou, ‘Study of the electrodeposition of silver in the presence of tartaric acid from aqueous silver nitrate solutions’, Treatise for lectureship (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, 1981).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    G. Papanastasiou and I. Ziogas, Talanta 36 (1989) 977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    G. Papanastasiou and I. Ziogas, Talanta 42 (1995) 827.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    G. Papanastasiou, I. Ziogas and D. Jannakoudakis, Chimicka Chronika, New Series 15 (1986) 147.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. Amblard, M. Froment and G. Maurin, Electrodeposition Surf. Treat. 2 (1974) 205.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. Amblard, M. Froment and N. Spyrellis, Surf. Technol. 5 (1977) 205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    H. Fischer and H.F. Heiling, Trans. Inst. Metal Finish, 4th Int. Conf. London 31 (1954) 90.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Laboratory of Physical ChemistryAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Laboratory of Applied PhysicsAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece

Personalised recommendations