Journal of Porous Materials

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 189–200 | Cite as

Computational Simulations for the Assessment of the Mechanical Properties of Glass with Controlled Porosity

  • Valeria Cannillo
  • Cristina Leonelli
  • Tiziano Manfredini
  • Monia Montorsi
  • Aldo R. Boccaccini


Porous glass with closed controlled porosity is used as a model system in order to numerically assess the effect of pores on the macroscopic mechanical and fracture behavior of brittle solids. A computational code called OOF, which converts digitalized two-dimensional (2-D) images of materials microstructures into finite element meshes, is adopted, so that the effect of 2-D microstructural features (e.g. pore size and shape) on the global mechanical response of the material can be determined. Firstly, microstructures of porous glass bodies containing isolated pores were considered. These specimens were numerically investigated in terms of fracture initiation and propagation: the numerical model predicted that larger pores initiate fracture, in agreement with experimental results. Then, the effect of porosity on the elastic and fracture properties was thoroughly investigated by means of model two-dimensional microstructures consisting of selected area fractions of pores (equivalent to pore volume fractions in three dimensions) and with prescribed pore shape, orientation and dimensions. In particular, the effect of pore dimension and shape was studied, finding that the critical stress for crack initiation scales with pore dimension and aspect ratio, i.e. oblate and larger pores oriented perpendicularly to the stress direction cause a higher reduction of strength of the specimen. Finally, several 2-D microstructures characterized by different values of area fraction of pores of the same shape were investigated, in order to determine the variation of elastic properties and the fracture response of porous glasses with pore content. The study confirms the suitability of the 2-D OOF code to investigate the mechanical and fracture behavior of porous materials. Issues regarding the limitation of the model due to its 2-D character are also discussed where appropriate.

modeling finite element method numerical simulations glass 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valeria Cannillo
    • 1
  • Cristina Leonelli
    • 1
  • Tiziano Manfredini
    • 1
  • Monia Montorsi
    • 1
  • Aldo R. Boccaccini
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Materials and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Vignolese 905ModenaItaly
  2. 2.Department of MaterialsImperial College LondonLondonUK

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