Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 31–40 | Cite as

Gender and Gender-Role Orientation Differences on Adolescents' Coping with Peer Stressors

  • Jill M. Washburn-Ormachea
  • Stephen B. Hillman
  • Shlomo S. Sawilowsky


Gender and gender-role orientation differences were explored on adolescents' coping with peer stressors. Eighth-grade and ninth-grade public junior high school students (N = 285) completed the COPE, reporting the strategies they recently used to deal with a stressful peer-related situation. Measures of gender-role orientation (Bem Sex-Role Inventory) and demographic information also were obtained. Factor analysis of the COPE revealed 4 distinct coping factors: active, avoidant, acceptance, and emotion-focused. The most frequently reported stressful event was arguments/fights with same-sex friends. Girls reported more arguments/fights with opposite-sex friends. Boys reported more physical fights and threats. Students' ratings of how much the situation mattered were used as a covariate in a MANCOVA to compare coping by gender and gender-role orientation, to control for perceived stressfulness of situations. Significant gender-role orientation differences were found for active, acceptance, and emotion-focused coping.

coping gender stress 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jill M. Washburn-Ormachea
    • 1
  • Stephen B. Hillman
    • 2
    • 3
  • Shlomo S. Sawilowsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Wayne State UniversityUSA
  2. 2.Wayne State UniversityUSA
  3. 3.Research on AdolescenceUSA

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