Sex Roles

, Volume 43, Issue 5–6, pp 323–340 | Cite as

Male Reference Group Identity Dependence: Support for Construct Validity

  • Jay C. Wade
  • Chris Brittan-Powell
Article

Abstract

This research study examined correlates of male identity statuses as postulated in Wade's (1998) theory of male reference group identity dependence. The Reference Group Identity Dependence Scale (RGIDS; Wade & Gelso, 1998) was correlated with measures of identity aspects (personal, social, and collective), belongingness, and a universal-diverse orientation. Based on the responses of 172 predominantly middle-class undergraduate college men (59% White, 15% Asian American or Pacific Islander, 13% African American, 4% Hispanic, and 9% other race/ethnicity, e.g., biracial, Arab American, Egyptian American), as predicted, the No Reference Group status negatively related to collective identity and social connectedness; the Reference Group Dependent status positively related to social identity and social connectedness; and the Reference Group Nondependent status positively related to personal identity, collective identity, social connectedness, and a universal-diverse orientation toward others.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jay C. Wade
    • 1
  • Chris Brittan-Powell
    • 2
  1. 1.Fordham UniversityUSA
  2. 2.University of MarylandUSA

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