The Prosody Structure of Dialogue Components in Hungarian

Abstract

Prosody is the change of F0 and intensity in time and the speed of articulation. The presence or absence of the realization of word accent is also examined as an important feature in prosody generation. During verbal communication various prosody forms contribute to the expression of the textual content of the message on the one hand and of the personal intention of the speaker on the other. In many cases in dialogues the same text can be (must be) pronounced with different intentions. Our goal was to find what kind of prosody patterns and rules are characteristic of these utterance types and what the acoustic relationship among them is for Hungarian. In this article the prosody structures of the most important dialogue components are described, and invariant structures are derived and verified by speech synthesis. Rules are also stated as generalized function structures to show the acoustic relationship of the prosody of these expressions to the prosody of statements. Using these rules, it is possible to convert the prosody of a given utterance type to another one by preserving the naturalness of the speech. The rules can be used in text to speech (TTS) conversion to generate spoken dialogues.

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Olaszy, G. The Prosody Structure of Dialogue Components in Hungarian. International Journal of Speech Technology 3, 165–176 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1026534229127

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  • prosody of dialogue components
  • generalized rules
  • cross function among prosody patterns
  • synthesis of prosody