Skip to main content

Seismogenic Origin of the Ancient Avdat Ruins, Negev Desert, Israel

Abstract

The present communication addresses the potential use of damage features, observed in the ancient ruins of the Avdat archeological site (Negev Desert, Israel) as a tool to identify the seismic origin of the destruction there and roughly to determine the direction of seismic wave propagation.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Amiran, D. H. K.: 1950–51, A revised earthquake–catalogue of Palestine, Israel Exploration Journal 1, 223–246.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Amiran, D. H. K.: 1952, A revised earthquake–catalogue of Palestine, Israel Exploration Journal 2, 48–62.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Amiran, D. H. K., Arien, E., and Turcotte, T.: 1994, Earthquakes in Israel and adjacent areas: Macroseismic observations since 100 B.C.E., Israel Exploration Journal 44, 260–305.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Becker, A. and Gross, M. R. 1996, Mechanism for joint saturation in mechanically layered rocks: An example from the southern Israel, Tectonophysics 257, 223–237.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Becker, A. and Korjenkov, A.: 1996, An ancient earthquake documented in Byzantine buildings, Avdat, Israel; a clue to seismic activity, In Big Cities World Conference on Natural Disaster Mitigation in conjunction with the 10th International Seminar on Earthquake Prognostics, Abstracts, Jan. 5–10, 1996, Cairo, Egypt, pp. 18–19.

  6. Binder, R. W.: 1965, The Acapulco, Mexico Earthquakes of May, 11 and 19, 1962, New Zealand, III WCEE.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Bolt, B. A.: 1978, Earthquakes: A Primer, W. H. Freeman and Company Publishers, San Francisco, 341 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Bronnikov, M. M.: 1908, Karatag earthquake, Proceedings of Geological Committee, V. XXVII, No. 147, Sankt–Petersburg (in Russian).

  9. Canaan, T.: 1922, Byzantine caravan routes in the Negeb, JPOS 2, 139–144.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Chernyshyov, F., Bronnikov, M. M., Veber, V. N., and Faas, A. V.: 1910, Andizhan earthquake of 3 (16) th of December, 1902, Transactions of Geological Committee, New series, Issue 54, Sankt–Petersburg (in Russian).

  11. Cloud, W. K. and Scott, N. H.: 1969, Distribution of intensity, Prince William Sound Earthquake of 1964, In: L. E. Leopold (ed.), The Prince William Sound, Alaska, Earthquake of 1964 and Aftershocks, Vol. II, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, pp. 5–48.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Deng, Q., Zhang, P., Xu, X., Yang, X., Peng, S., and Feng, X.: 1996, Paleoseismology of the northern piedmont of Tianshan Mountains, northwestern China, J. Gephys. Res. 101, 5895–5920.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Engelder, T. and Fisher, M. P.: 1996, Loading configurations and driving mechanisms for joints based on the Griffith energy–balanced concept, Tectonophysics 256, 253–277.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Fabian, P.: 1995, The Roman and Byzantine Near East: Some Recent Archaeological Research, J.Roman Archaeology, Suppl. Series, No. 14, pp. 235–240.

  15. Fabian, P.: 1996, Evidence of earthquake destruction in the archaeological records – the cast of ancient Avdat, In: Big Cities World Conference on Natural Disaster Mitigation in Conjunction with the 10th International Seminar on Earthquake Prognostics, Abstracts, Jan. 5–10, 1996, Cairo, Egypt, p. 25.

  16. Fabian, P.: 1997, Evidence of earthquakes destruction in the archaeological record – the case of ancient Avdat, Manuscript of a paper, 4 pp.

  17. Fisher, M. P., Gross, M. R., Engelder, T., and Greenfield, R. J.: 1995, Finite–element analysis of the stress distribution around pressurized crack in a layered elastic medium: Implication for the spacing of Fluid–driven joints in bedded sedimentary rock, Tectonophysics 247, 49–64.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Ghose, S., Mellors, R. J., Korjenkov, A. M., Hamburger, M. W., Pavlis, T. L., Pavlis, G. L., Omuraliev, M., Mamyrov, E., and Muraliev, A. R.: 1997, The Ms = 7.3 1992 Suusamyr, Kyrgyzstan, earthquake in the Tien Shan: 2. Aftershock focal mechanisms and surface deformation, Seism.Soc. Am. Bull. 87, 23–38.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Jordan, P. G.: 1991, Development of asymmetric shale pull–aparts in evaporite shear zones, J.Structural Geology 13, 399–409.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Karcz, I. and Kafri, U.: 1978, Evaluation of Supposed Archaeoseismic Damage in Israel, J.Archaeological Science 5, 237–253.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Karcz, I. and Perath, I.: 1994, Criteria for Archaeoseismic Events: Evidence from Negev Sites, In: Annual, 1994, Meeting of Israel Geological Society, Abstracts, p. 51.

  22. Khromovskikh, V. S.: 1965, Seismogeology of Southern Baikal Region, Moscow: Nauka Publishers, 121 pp. (in Russian).

    Google Scholar 

  23. Kon'kov, A. A.: 1970, Localization of the mezoseismal area of the earthquakes by the asymuthal method, In: Strong Earthquakes of Middle Asia and Kazakhstan, No. 1, Dushanbe: Donish Publishers, pp. 152–177 (in Russian).

  24. Korjenkov, A. M. and O. K. Chedia: 1986, Neotectonic structure and seismic deformations of the Tyulek and Karakudjur depressions (the Tien Shan), Proc. Academy of Sciences of Kirghiz SSR, No. 5, pp. 26–33 (in Russian).

  25. Korjenkov, A.M. and Omuraliev, M.: 1993, Forms of relief (surface) formed during strong Suusamyr earthquake of 1992 in the northern Tien Shan, In: Geomorphologic Risk. II Lectures Dedicated to a Memory of N. A. Florensov, Nov. 1993, Irkutsk Geomorphologic Seminar, Abstract, pp. 105–106 (in Russian).

  26. Korzenkov, A., Fabian, P., and Becker, A.: 1996, Evidence for 4–th and 7–th Century AD Earthquakes, Avdat Ruins (Israel): Seismic and Historical Implications, In: Annual, 1996, Meeting of Israel Geological Society, Eilat, March 18–21, 1996, p. 52.

  27. Liquidation of Consequences of Tashkent Earthquake.: 1972, “Uzbekistan” Publishers, Tashkent (in Russian).

  28. Machette, M. and Crone A.: 1993, Geological investigations of Australian earthquakes: paleoseismicity and the recurrence of surface faulting in the stable regions of continents, Earthquakes and Volcanoes (USGS) 24, 74–85.

    Google Scholar 

  29. Machette,M. N., Crone, A. J., and Bowman, J. R.: 1993, Geologic investigations of the 1986 Marryat Creek, Australia, earthquake – implication for paleoseismicity in stable continental regions, U.S.Geol. Survey Bull., No. 2023–B.

  30. Mallet, R.: 1862, Great Neapolitanian Earthquake of 1857. The First Principles of Observational Seismology, 2 vols, London: Chapman and Hall, 1600 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  31. Mazor, E.: 1996, Ancient cities as earthquake records, In: Big Cities World Conference on Natural Disaster Mitigation in Conjunction with the 10th International Seminar on Earthquake Prognostics, Abstracts, Jan. 5–10, 1996, Cairo, Egypt, pp. 23–24.

  32. Medvedev, S. V.: 1966, Earthquakes and seismic resistance of buildings, In: Building and Architecture of Uzbekistan, No. 7 (in Russian).

  33. Mirzoev, V. M., Ulomov, V. I., Zakharova, A. I., and Ibragimov, R. N.: 1969, Seismic Microzoning of Tashkent, “FAN” Publishers, Tashkent (in Russian).

    Google Scholar 

  34. Muto, K. et al.: 1963, Relocation and reconstruction of the City of Scopje damaged by the earthquake of 26 July 1963 and earthquake engineering problems in Yugoslavia, Report of the Japanese Earthquake Engineering Mission to Yugoslavia, Tokyo.

  35. Negev, A.: 1961, Avdat: Caravan halt in the Negev, Archaeology 14, 122–130.

    Google Scholar 

  36. Negev, A.: 1966, The Date of the Petra–Gaza Road, Palestine Exploration Quarterly 98, 89–98.

    Google Scholar 

  37. Negev, A.: 1977, The Nabateans and the Provincia Arabia, In: Aufstieg und Neiedergang der Romischen Welt, II, 8. Berlin, pp. 520–686.

    Google Scholar 

  38. Negev, A.: 1988, The architecture of Memphis. Final Report, Vol. I: The middle and late Nabatean period.

  39. Omuraliev, M., Korjenkov, A., and Mamyrov, E.: 1993a, Location of earthquake epicenters by nontraditional seismologic data, In: III Seminar “Non–Traditional Methods of Heterogeneity Study of the Earth Crust”, Abstracts, United Institute of Earth Physics RAN, Dec. 15–17, 1993, Moscow, pp. 62–63 (in Russian).

  40. Omuraliev, M., Korjenkov, A., and Mamyrov, E.: 1993b, Study of rotation movements of the objects on the earth surface during strong earthquakes, In: III Seminar “Non–Traditional Methods of Heterogeneity Study of the Earth Crust”, Abstracts, United Institute of Earth Physics RAN, Dec. 15–17, 1993, Moscow, pp. 64–65 (in Russian).

  41. Palmer, E. H.: 1871, The desert of Tin and the country of Moav, PEF Ost 1, 29–33.

    Google Scholar 

  42. Polyakov, S. V.: 1978, Consequences of Strong Earthquakes, StroyIzdat Publishers, Moscow (in Russian).

    Google Scholar 

  43. Richter, C. F.: 1958, Elementary Seismology, W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco.

    Google Scholar 

  44. Russell, K. W.: 1980, The Earthquake of May 19, AD 363, Bulletin of the American School of Oriental Research 238, 47–64.

    Google Scholar 

  45. Shapira, A., Feldman, L., Reich, B., Ben–Sasson, C., and Malitzky, A.: 1994, The Seismological Bulletin of Israel, Version 2.1.

  46. Segal, A.: 1983, The Byzantine City of Shivta (Esbeita), Negev Desert, Israel, BAR International Series 179.

  47. The Scopje Earthquake of 26 July 1963: 1968, Report of UNESCO Technical Assistance Mission, NS, 66/D47/AF.

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Korjenkov, A.M., Mazor, E. Seismogenic Origin of the Ancient Avdat Ruins, Negev Desert, Israel. Natural Hazards 18, 193–226 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1026488932377

Download citation

  • earthquakes
  • historical seismicity
  • kinematic indicators
  • seismoarcheology
  • structural geology
  • ancient cities
  • ruins