Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics

, Volume 17, Issue 10, pp 553–556

A Comparison of Psychological Functioning in Women at Different Stages of In Vitro Fertilization Treatment Using the Mean Affect Adjective Check List

  • P. Yong
  • C. Martin
  • J. Thong

DOI: 10.1023/A:1026429712794

Cite this article as:
Yong, P., Martin, C. & Thong, J. J Assist Reprod Genet (2000) 17: 553. doi:10.1023/A:1026429712794


Purpose: The objectives were to identify the stage/s of IVF treatment where a woman is most vulnerable to psychological stress, and to assess the Mean Affect Adjective Check List (MAACL) as a measure of psychological functioning during IVF treatment, which has hitherto not been reported.

Methods: Thirty-seven women undergoing IVF treatment according to the long protocol of controlled ovarian stimulation completed the MAACL questionnaire at the following stages: (a) before treatment (visit 1), (b) before embryo transfer (visit 2), and (c) before pregnancy test (visit 3).

Results: Apart from anxiety scores for visit 2, the hostility, depression, and state anxiety scores for visit 3 were higher than the corresponding scores for visits 1 and 2 (P < 0.001). Anxiety scores for visits 2 and 3 were similar.

Conclusions: Psychological counseling should be targeted at women after embryo transfer and leading up to the pregnancy test. The MAACL is a useful method for measuring psychological stress in women during IVF treatment.

in vitro fertilization Mean Affect Adjective Check List (MAACL) anxiety psychological stress 

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Yong
    • 1
  • C. Martin
    • 2
  • J. Thong
    • 1
  1. 1.Assisted Conception Unit, Simpson Memorial Maternity PavilionRoyal Infirmary of EdinburghEdinburghUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Simpson Memorial Maternity PavilionRoyal Infirmary of EdinburghEdinburghUnited Kingdom

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