Advertisement

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 83–94 | Cite as

The Role of Family Processes and Coping Strategies in the Relationship Between Parental Chronic Illness and Childhood Internalizing Problems

  • Ric G. Steele
  • Rex Forehand
  • Lisa Armistead
Article

Abstract

Sixty-nine families (father, mother, and one child) in which the father had hemophilia, approximately half of whom were HIV positive, were assessed in an examination of the relationship between parental chronic illness, family functioning, child coping strategies, and child adjustment. Latent variable path analyses with partial least-squares estimation procedures (PLS) were used to test a model of the relationship between parental chronic illness, family process variables, child coping strategies, and child internalizing behavior problems. The severity of the father's illness predicted family process variables, which predicted the coping style of the child. The use of more avoidant coping strategies was associated with more internalizing problems.

Internalizing problems parental illness family processes 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the Child Behavior Checklist 4–18 and 1991 Profile. Burlington: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry.Google Scholar
  2. Armistead, L., & Forehand, R. (1995) For whom the bell tolls: Parenting decisions and challenges faced by mothers who are HIV seropositive. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 2, 239–250.Google Scholar
  3. Armistead, L., Klein, K., & Forehand, R. (1995). Parent physical illness and child functioning. Clinical Psychology Review, 15, 409–422.Google Scholar
  4. Armistead, L., McCombs, A., Forehand, R., Weirson, M., Long, N., & Fauber, R. (1990). Coping with divorce: A study of young adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 19, 79–84.Google Scholar
  5. Bergner, M. (1984). The Sickness Impact Profile (SIP). In N. K. Wenger, M. E. Mattson, C. D. Furberg, & J. Elinson (Eds.), Assessment of quality of life in clinical trials of cardiovascular therapies (pp. 152–159). New York: Le Jacq.Google Scholar
  6. Bergner, M., & Gilson, B. S. (1981). The Sickness Impact Profile: Development and final revision of a health status measure. Medical Care, 14, 57–67.Google Scholar
  7. Bergner, M., & Rothman, M. L. (1987). Health status measures: An overview guide for selection. Annual Review of Public Health, 8, 191–210.Google Scholar
  8. Billings, A. G., & Moos, R. H. (1981). The role of coping responses and social resources in attenuating the stress of life events. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 4, 139–157.Google Scholar
  9. Causey, D. L., & Dubow, E. F. (1992). Development of a self-report coping measure for elementary school children. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 21, 47–59.Google Scholar
  10. Compas, B. E., Worsham, N. L., Epping, J. E., Grant, K. E., Mireault, G., Howell, D. C., & Malcarne, V. L. (1994). When mom or dad has cancer: Markers of psychological distress in cancer patients, spouses and children. Health Psychology, 13, 507–515.Google Scholar
  11. Cummings, E. M., & Davies, P. T. (1994). Maternal depression and child development. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 35, 73–112.Google Scholar
  12. Derogatis, L. R., Rickels, K., & Rock, A. F. (1976). The SCL-90 and the MMPI: A step in the validation of a new self-report scale. British Journal of Psychiatry, 128, 280–289.Google Scholar
  13. Derogatis, L. R., & Spencer, P. M. (1982). The Brief Symptom Inventory administration, scoring, and procedures manual Baltimore: John Hopkins. Available from John Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.Google Scholar
  14. Emery, R.E. (1982). Interparental conflict and the children of discord and divorce. Psychological Bulletin, 92, 310–330.Google Scholar
  15. Emery, R. E., & Forehand, R. (1994). Parental divorce and children's well being: A focus on resilience. In R. J. Haggerty, N. Garmezy, M. Rutter, & L. Sherrod (Eds.), Risk and resilience in children (pp. 64–99). London: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Falk, R. F. (1987). A primer for soft-modeling. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  17. Falk, R. F., & Miller, N.B. (1992). A primer for soft modeling. Akron, OH: The University of Akron.Google Scholar
  18. Forehand, R., Armistead, L., Weirson, M., Brody, G. H., Neighbors, B., Hannan, and The Hemophilia PAC Project (1997). Hemophilia and HIV in married men: An examination of the relationship between illness indicators and functioning of multiple family members. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, in press.Google Scholar
  19. Forehand, R., McCombs, A., & Brody, G. (1987). The relationship between parental depressive mood states and child functioning. Advances in Behaviour Therapy and Research, 9, 1–20.Google Scholar
  20. Hardy, D. F., Power, T. G., & Jaedicke, S. (1993). Examining the relationship of parenting to children's coping with everyday stress. Child Development, 64, 1829–1841.Google Scholar
  21. Holahan, C. J., & Moos, R. H. (1987). Risk, resistance, and psychological distress: A longitudinal analysis with adults and children. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 96, 3–13.Google Scholar
  22. Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (1989). LISREL VII: User's reference guide (1st ed.). Mooresville, IN: Scientific Software.Google Scholar
  23. Kazdin, A. E. (1981). Assessment techniques for childhood depression: A critical appraisal. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 20, 358–375.Google Scholar
  24. Kovacs, M. (1981). Rating scales to assess depression in school aged children. Acta Paedopsychiatrica, 46, 305–315.Google Scholar
  25. Lazarus, R. S. & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  26. Lewis, M. L., Hammond, M. A., & Woods, N. F. (1993). The family's functioning with newly diagnosed breast cancer in the mother: The development of an exploratory model. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 16, 351–370.Google Scholar
  27. Luther, S. S., & Zigler, E. (1991). Vulnerability and competence: A review of research on resilience in childhood. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 61, 6–22Google Scholar
  28. National Center for Health Statistics. (1994). Health, United States, 1993 (Table 31). Hyattsville, MD: Public Health Service.Google Scholar
  29. Porter, B., & O'Leary, K. D. (1980). Marital discord and childhood behavior problems. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 8, 287–295.Google Scholar
  30. Prinz, R. J., Foster, S., Kent, R. N., & O'Leary, H. D. (1979). Multivariate assessment of conflict in depressed and nondepressed mother-adolescent dyads. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 12, 691–700.Google Scholar
  31. Robin, A. L., & Foster, S. (1989). Negotiating parent-adolescent conflict. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  32. Wold, H. (1980). Soft modeling: Intermediate between traditional model building and data analysis. Mathematical Statistics, 6, 333–346.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ric G. Steele
    • 1
  • Rex Forehand
    • 2
  • Lisa Armistead
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GeorgiaAthens
  2. 2.Institute for Behavior ResearchUniversity of GeorgiaAthens

Personalised recommendations