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Type II Solar Radio Bursts: Theory and Space Weather Implications

Abstract

Recent data and theory for type II solar radio bursts are reviewed, focusing on a recent analytic quantitative theory for interplanetary type II bursts. The theory addresses electron reflection and acceleration at the type II shock, formation of electron beams in the foreshock, and generation of Langmuir waves and the type II radiation there. The theory's predictions as functions of the shock and plasma parameters are summarized and discussed in terms of space weather events. The theory is consistent with available data, has explanations for radio-loud/quiet coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and why type IIs are bursty, and can account for empirical correlations between type IIs, CMEs, and interplanetary disturbances.

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Cairns, I.H., Knock, S., Robinson, P. et al. Type II Solar Radio Bursts: Theory and Space Weather Implications. Space Science Reviews 107, 27–34 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025503201687

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  • coronal mass esjections
  • electron reflection
  • plasma waves
  • radiation
  • shocks
  • solar radio emission
  • type II bursts