Changing trends in publishing behaviour among university faculty, 1980-2000


This article analyses changes in publication patterns over a twenty-year period at Norwegian universities. Based on three surveys among academic staff; in 1982, 1992 and 2001, covering all kinds of publications, the following general conclusions are drawn: (a) co-authorship has become more common, (b) the extent of publishing directed towards an international audience has increased, (c) the scientific article in an international journal has enhanced its position as the dominating type of publication, and (d) the number of publications per academic staff member has increased. The largest changes have taken place within the social sciences, which to an increasing extent approaches the publication pattern in the natural sciences. On the other hand, the large productivity differences between individual researchers have remained remarkably stable over the two decades in all fields of learning.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    P. BOURKE, L. BUTLER, B. BIGLIA, Monitoring Research in the Periphery: Australia and the ISI Indices, Research Evaluation and Policy Project Monograph Series No. 3, Research School of Social Sciences, The Australian National University.

  2. 2.

    E. SANZ, I. ARAGÓN, A. MéNDEZ, The function of national journals in disseminating applied science, Journal of Information Science, 21 (1995) 319-323.

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    D. AKSNES, J. B. REVHEIM, The application of CRIS for analyzing research output-problems and prospects, Proceedings of the CRIS 2000 Conference, Helsinki 2000.

  4. 4.

    S. KYVIK, Popular science publishing, Scientometrics, 31 (1994) 143-153.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    R. KALLEBERG, Universities: Complex bundle institutions and the projects of enlightenment, Comparative Social Research, 19 (2000) 219-255.

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    S. KYVIK, Productivity in Academia. Scientific Publishing at Norwegian Universities, Norwegian University Press, Oslo, 1991.

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Recommendations Concerning the International Standardization of Statistics on Science and Technology, UNESCO, Paris, 1978.

  8. 8.

    S. KYVIK, Publiseringsvirksomheten ved universiteter og vitenskapelige høgskoler, Norwegian Institute for Studies in Research and Higher Education, Oslo, NIFU skriftserie nr. 15/2001.

  9. 9.

    M. L. PAO, Lotka's law: a testing procedure, Information Processing and Management, 21 (1985) 305-320.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    S. KYVIK, Productivity differences, fields of learning, and Lotka's law, Scientometrics, 15 (1989) 205-214.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    A. J. LOTKA, The frequency distribution of scientific productivity, Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 16 (1926) 317-323.

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    D. S. PRICE, Little Science, Big Science, Columbia University Press, New York, 1963.

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    R. MERTON, The ambivalence of scientists, In: N. KAPLAN (Ed.), Science and Society, Rand McNally & Company, Chicago, 1965.

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    J. S. KATZ, B. R. MARTIN, What is research collaboration?, Research Policy, 26 (1997) 1-18.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    G. SIVERTSEN, Internasjonalt samarbeid i publikasjoner, I. Det norske forsknings-og innovasjonssystemet statistikk og indikatorer (2001) 143-149.

  16. 16.

    M. ZITT, E. BASSECOULARD, Internationalization of communication. A view on the evolution of scientific journals, Scientometrics, 46 (1999) 669-685.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    D. HICKS, The difficulty of achieving full coverage of international social science literature and the bibliometric consequences, Scientometrics, 44 (1999) 193-215.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    S. KYVIK, Internationality of the social sciences: the Norwegian case, International Social Science Journal, 115 (1988) 163-172.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Svein Kyvik.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kyvik, S. Changing trends in publishing behaviour among university faculty, 1980-2000. Scientometrics 58, 35–48 (2003).

Download citation


  • Faculty Member
  • Academic Staff
  • Scholarly Publication
  • Popular Science
  • Research Book